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We index full-text journals with open access platforms in our NEW Asia-Studies Full-Text Plus section. Here is the list of journals available.

 
 

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

 
 

November, 2014 Current Topics

 

Source

 

 

 

 

Jump Jets for the ADF? November 2014. Is there a case for Australia to acquire F-35B Joint Strike Fighter short take-off, vertical landing (STOVL) aircraft to operate from the two new Canberra-class landing helicopter docks (LHDs)? The government has directed that this question be addressed in the development of the 2015 Defence White Paper...

 

ASPI

Monetary Authority of Singapore: Macroeconomic Review, Volume XIII, Issue 2, October 2014 (Full Report, Presentation Slides for Briefing):  

MAS

MAS Survey of Professional Forecasters, September 2014. The September 2014 Survey was sent out on 12 August 2014 to a total of 26 economists and analysts who closely monitor the Singapore economy. This report reflects the views received from 22 respondents (a response rate of 85%) and does not represent MAS’ views or forecasts.

 

MAS

2013 Singapore Asset Management Industry Survey, July 2014. The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) conducted its annual survey of the Singapore asset management industry, for the year ending 31 December 2013. As at end-2013, total assets managed by Singapore-based asset managers grew by 11.8% to S$1.82 trillion. Growth was broadbased, with traditional and alternative managers registering good
increases in assets under management (AUM)...

 

MAS

Steadying the US Rebalance to Asia: The Role of Australia, Japan and South Korea, November 2014. Given China’s rise and Asia’s economic ascent, military growth and increasing trade flows, the US ‘pivot to Asia’ reflects an appropriate policy response to changing global realities. The pivot (now called a ‘rebalance’) implies a shift in US attention and resources in the military, diplomatic and economic spheres from the Middle East and Europe towards Asia...

 

ASPI

Should Ministerial Arrangements for Domestic Security Be Changed? October 2014. The recent increase in Australia’s terrorism alert, reported prime ministerial concern over national security arrangements, major increases in counterterrorism funding and operational success against people smuggling have raised a new question in Canberra: are our arrangements for managing domestic security optimal? This paper examines this question as a debate...

 

ASPI

Another Century, Another Long War, October 2014. Australia is involved in the early stages of a conflict that may last for the rest of the century and potentially beyond. Terrorism is but a symptom of a broader conflict in which the fundamental threat is from radical Islamists who are intent on establishing Islam as the foundation of a new world order...

 

ASPI

From Catching Up to Forging Ahead? China's Prospects in Semiconductors, November 2014. This study explores how China's new semiconductor strategy seeks to benefit from four global transformations in semiconductor markets and technology: a) the demand pull from mobile devices; b) new opportunities for China's foundries in trailing-node semiconductor technologies; c) changes in the IC foundry industry landscape; and) a new interest in strategic partnerships and mergers and acquisitions (M&A)...

 

EWC

Milan Summit Could Mark Turning Point for the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM), November 2014. Shada Islam, Director of Policy at Friends of Europe, explains that "for many in Asia, the EU is the prime partner to deal with non-traditional security dilemmas, including food, water and energy security as well as climate change. The EU remains an inspiration for Asia's own regional integration initiatives, including ASEAN, and in areas such as rules-based collective security."

 

EWC

India's Strategic Culture and U.S.-India Ties, November 2014. Sarang Shidore, Visiting Scholar at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin, explains that "In the absence of a clear mutual understanding on the systemic front, [US-India] bilateral differences over narrower issues such as immigration visas or multi-brand retail have become disproportionately prominent and gained traction beyond the transactional."

 

EWC

Asia's Importance, China’s Expansion and U.S. Strategy: What Should Be Done? October 2014. Robert Sutter, Professor at George Washington University, states that the Obama government's "posture has been reactive, vacillating between periodic strident statements against Chinese coercive behavior and muting disputes in the lead up to the November 2014 meetings."

 

EWC

America's Aging Society Problem: A Look to Japan for Lessons on Prevention, October 2014. Ender Ricart, Japan Studies Visiting Fellow at the East-West Center in Washington, explains that "If we look to Japan as an example, America could benefit from enacting like-minded policies that target and empower older adults aged 65 and over to make lifestyle choices that will prevent behaviorally caused diseases."

 

EWC

The Asia-Pacific Cooperation Agenda: Moving from Regional Cooperation Toward Global Leadership, October 2014. In the past quarter-century Asia has seen vast changes, including increased economic growth, integration, and liberalization. The Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) process, now marking its 25th anniversary, facilitated these changes through its institution of the first regular meetings of ministers and then leaders. But what role should APEC play in the future? With a continuing diffusion of power, what was once hailed as an imminent "Asian century" is much more likely to be a global one...

 

EWC

Contesting Buddhist Narratives: Democratization, Nationalism, and Communal Violence in Myanmar, Published 2014. Myanmar's transition to democracy has been marred by violence between Buddhists and Muslims. While the violence originally broke out between Rakhine Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims, it subsequently emerged throughout the country, impacting Buddhists and Muslims of many ethnic backgrounds. This article offers background on these so-called "communal conflicts" and the rise and evolution of Buddhist nationalist groups led by monks that have spearheaded anti-Muslim campaigns...

 

EWC

China's Foreign Policy in Afghanistan, October 2014. On 31 December 2014 NATO will hand over its final security responsibilities to local Afghan forces. The handover will raise new questions for Chinese policy in Afghanistan. On the one hand, Beijing wants a stable Afghanistan. It does not want the country to become either a haven for Uyghur militancy, or for instability to spread through the region. On the other hand, Beijing is reluctant to become too deeply involved in Afghanistan, conscious of the West’s difficult experience over the last decade and fearful of attracting the attention of international terrorist groups...

 

Lowy

Indonesian Foreign Policy under President Jokowi, October 2014. New Indonesian president Joko Widodo’s inexperience in foreign affairs and his focus on domestic issues will see him delegate decisions on foreign and security policy to his key advisers. This will result in increased competition between the institutions those advisers lead. On issues where a consensus does not emerge, this competition will make it more difficult for Indonesian foreign policy-makers to define a clear position...

 

Lowy

2014 APEC Economic Policy Report. The 2014 APEC Economic Report focuses on APEC’s work and advocacy for the development and implementation of Good Regulatory Practices (GRPs). It includes individual member economies reports, which describe key policy developments concerning the use of Good Regulatory Practices.

 

APEC

2014 APEC Economic Policy Report: Executive Summary. This is an executive summary of the 2014 APEC Economic Policy Report which highlights the challenges of APEC economies in implementing Good Regulatory Practices and suggests further steps in promoting the use of GRPs.

 

APEC

Factsheet: 2014 APEC Economic Policy Report. This is a 2 page factsheet of the 2014 APEC Economic Policy Report which focuses on Good Regulatory Practices.

 

APEC

Factsheet: 2014 APEC Senior Officials' Report on Economic and Technical Cooperation. This is a 2 page factsheet of the 2014 APEC Senior Officials' Report on Economic and Technical Cooperation.

 

APEC

Enhanced Resiliency of Cross-Border Value Chains: Impact Evaluation for the Asia-Pacific, October 2014. This report presents results from the fourth and final phase of PSU’s project on Value Chain Resilience (VCR). The first three phases examined particular components of VCR, namely Risk, Strength, and Connectedness. This report deals with the economic impacts of VCR using a global Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model...

 

APEC

Key Trends and Developments relating to Trade and Investment Measures and their Impact on the APEC region, November 2014. This report is prepared by the APEC Policy Support Unit (PSU) to inform APEC ministers, officials, and stakeholders on recent trade and investment trends in the region, as well as tradea nd investment-related measures recently implemented by APEC member economies. Started in 2009, this report is produced semiannually for information during the Meeting of the APEC Ministers Responsible for Trade (MRT) and the APEC Ministerial Meeting (AMM).

 

APEC

APEC Economic Trends Analysis, November 2014. The PSU’s APEC Economic Trends Analysis provides an overview on emerging trends underlying the region’s economic prospects by providing in-depth analysis on recent macroeconomic and financial developments in the APEC region. The key message of this issue is on the importance of building a more innovative and dynamic services sector to secure and sustain higher APEC growth.

 

APEC

Regulatory Issues Affecting Trade and Supply Chain Finance, November 2014. Supply chain finance is one form of trade financing that has experienced rapid growth in recent years. The paper notes the current lack of globally agreed definition of supply chain finance and thus takes the liberty to discuss two ways of understanding supply chain finance and the different policy issues under each...

 

APEC

Trade and Economic Growth: 25 Years of a Stronger Relationship within APEC, October 2014. The purpose of this Policy Brief is to explore the correlation between trade and the gross domestic product (GDP) within APEC and show the importance that trade plays in APEC’s economic growth vis-à-vis the rest of the world

 

APEC

APEC in Charts 2014. APEC in Charts was launched by the APEC Policy Support Unit in 2013 to provide a graphical overview of the APEC region’s economic, trade, investment and policy-related performance. This year’s issue is significant as 2014 marks 25 years since the founding of APEC...

 

APEC

Shaping the Future through an Asia-Pacific Partnership for Urbanization and Sustainable City Development, October 2014. This study presents arguments and a rationale for APEC member economies to engage in an Asia-Pacific partnership to shape the future of urbanization and sustainable city development. It discusses the challenges, policies, issues, and changes facing the development and management of cities...

 

APEC

Evaluation of Value Chain Connectedness in the APEC Region, October 2014. Part 3 of a 4-phase analysis of Value Chain Resilience in the APEC region, this report examines Value Chain Connectedness by using value-added trade data to map the activity of value chains, with particular reference to the Asia-Pacific region and uses sophisticated network analysis techniques to provide a quantitative evaluation of Value Chain Connectedness.

 

APEC

APEC's Bogor Goals Progress Report 2014. In general, the analysis of the information shows that progress has been uneven across APEC economies and across areas. It is clear that more work needs to be done...

 

APEC

APEC's Bogor Goals Dashboard 2014. The purpose of the Dashboard is to provide easy-to-understand figures to track the advances in areas critical to promoting greater regional economic integration, such as liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment...

 

APEC

Regulatory Reform - Case Studies on Promoting Innovation, October 2014. This report contains case studies that investigate the role of regulatory reforms and practices in the promotion of innovation. The case studies draw lessons and suggest policy recommendations based on APEC member economies’ experiences of implementing regulatory reforms to promote innovation...

 

APEC

2014 External Indicators Update for the Supply Chain Connectivity Framework Action Plan, October 2014. This report provides updates on Supply Chain Connectivity Framework Action Plan (SCFAP) progress related to the agreed external indicators with the goal of 10% improvement by 2015 in terms of time, costs and uncertainty.

 

APEC

Quantitative Analysis of Value Chain Strength in the APEC Region, July 2014. Part 2 of a 4-phase analysis of Value Chain Resilience in the APEC region, this report examines Value Chain Strength by combining qualitative and quantitative approaches to place APEC’s performance in a comparative perspective with other regional groupings...

 

APEC

Fiscal Policy and Growth in Developing Asia, October 2014. This paper traces the evolution of industrial policies in Indonesia from a global value chain (GVC) perspective. Using the mineral sector as a mini case study, the paper assesses the Indonesian Government’s recent effort to boost domestic value addition in the sector. It argues that the effectiveness of government policies in maximizing the gains from GVC participation depends not only on policy design, but also on policy consistency and coherence, effective implementation, and coordination.

 

ADB

Industrial Policy in Indonesia: A Global Value Chain Perspective, October 2014. This paper traces the evolution of industrial policies in Indonesia from a global value chain (GVC) perspective. Using the mineral sector as a mini case study, the paper assesses the Indonesian Government’s recent effort to boost domestic value addition in the sector. It argues that the effectiveness of government policies in maximizing the gains from GVC participation depends not only on policy design, but also on policy consistency and coherence, effective implementation, and coordination.

 

ADB

Fiscal Policy and Inclusive Growth in Latin America: Lessons for Asia, October 2014. Latin America’s experience with inclusive fiscal policy can offer valuable lessons for developing Asia in its new-found quest to leverage public spending and taxation to spread the benefits of growth to the broader population. Of particular interest is its generally successful experience with conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs. Overall, the evidence suggests that CCT programs can be an effective tool for inclusive growth in Asia, too. However, CCTs are not a panacea for poverty and inequality, and the ingredients for their success in Asia may differ from those in Latin America.

 

ADB

Sustainable Vocational Training Toward Industrial Upgrading and Economic Transformation, Published 2014. This report summarizes results of the workshop “Sustainable Vocational Training toward Industrial Upgrading and Economic Transformation” held from 2 to 5 December 2013 in Beijing and Guangzhou, the People’s Republic of China (PRC). A joint initiative of the PRC and the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the workshop—attended by more than 90 participants from 16 countries—is part of the annual PRC-ADB Knowledge Sharing Platform and was supported and organized by the Regional Knowledge Sharing Initiative...

 

ADB

Scrutinizing Urbanization Challenges in the Philippines through the Infrastructure Lens, October 2014. Managing urban growth in countries requires that leaders plan ahead using national physical plans that, among others, safeguard land for utilities and physical infrastructure decades ahead, deliberately configures transport networks (including strategic seaports, controlled expressways and, if necessary, railway extension to suburbs) in order to induce factor mobility, and actively targets the removal of slums and urban renewal...

 

PIDS

12th DPRM Advocates Labor, Industrial Reforms for Inclusive Growth, July-September 2014. The theme for this year, "Addressing the Jobs Challenge Toward Inclusive Growth", highlights the need for labor and industrial reforms for inclusive growth. It underscores the effect of labor policies such as the minimum wage-setting, the lack of more productive jobs, and issues in the education sector that have further contributed to persistent poverty and inequality...

 

PIDS

Minimum Wage: Should it be the Weapon of Choice for Inclusive Growth? September 2014. The minimum wage is a classic example of a price floor, the lowest price set by law with which to pay a commodity. The idea is to prevent wages from going too low. Historically, societies have used the minimum wage to achieve their social justice objectives. Internationally, there is no consensus on the effect of minimum wages on employment. In the Philippines, a study by Lanzona (2014) established a negative relationship between minimum wages and employment...

 

PIDS

How Should Income-based Grantees in Tertiary Education Be Chosen? October 2014. Helping poor but deserving students get a college degree is one way to break the cycle of poverty. The question, however, is how these scholars should be chosen. This Policy Note draws some insights from the PIDS research on the Students Grants-in-Aid Program for Poverty Alleviation (SGP-PA) implemented by the Commission on Higher Education and Department of Social Welfare and Development. The SGP-PA supports students unable to afford tertiary education. The program`s objective is to increase the number of higher education graduates among poor households and employ these graduates in high value-added occupations.

 

PIDS

The Need (or not) for Fiscal Incentives, October 2014. Fiscal incentives are one of the instruments in a country`s development and investment promotion strategies. In the Philippines, the bill on the rationalization of fiscal incentives for investments to further shore up government collections has been certified a priority measure by the Aquino administration. This bill aims to rationalize fiscal incentives across industries to improve transparency, further bolster revenues, and level the playing field. ..

 

PIDS

Clarifying the Jobs Challenge, September 2014. The jobs challenge is not simply the lack of job opportunities. A more nuanced view is the inability of the common person to earn a decent living through productive employment or self-employment. Viewing the issue as such reveals the other dimensions of the lack of job opportunities issue. This Policy Note clarifies the jobs challenge and its implications for policy based on Paqueo et al. (2014)...

 

PIDS

Is Growth Really Jobless? August 2014. The stellar economic growth in the country since 2012 has not been subsequently accompanied by a significant reduction in poverty or by increased employment. Is the country`s economic growth really jobless? The description about the Philippine economy being jobless stems from the seeming divergence in growth between economic growth and employment...

 

PIDS

Effects of Minimum Wage on the Philippine Economy, August 2014. This Policy Note presents the results of a study that explores the effects of labor policies on the industry. In particular, it examines the minimum wage policy by disentangling and controlling various factors that may confound the effects of minimum wages on employment. Using various econometric methods, the study finds that the minimum wage policy reduces employment in small firms. It causes small firms to reduce their production workers...

 

PIDS

Process, Nature, and Impacts of Irrigation System Rehabilitation, August 2014. Irrigation systems undergo rehabilitation to maintain developed irrigation service areas and close the gap between service areas and actual areas irrigated. A rapid appraisal of the government`s irrigation program was commissioned to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies to assess how well these goals have been achieved...

 

PIDS

Appraisal of Methodology in Estimating Irrigable Areas and Processes of Evaluating Feasibility of NIA Irrigation Projects, August 2014. This Policy Note highlights the key findings of a component study of the rapid appraisal of the irrigation program commissioned by the National Economic and Development Authority and the Department of Budget and Management to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, to provide input to the budget process...

 

PIDS

Government Investment in Deep-well Pumps: Some Preliminary Notes for Policy, August 2014. Irrigation is a key component of the government`s strategy to improve agricultural productivity and attain food self-sufficiency. In recent years, the government has been investing in deep-well pumps as an option to develop more water sources amid the expansion of service areas...

 

PIDS

Analysis of Technical Assumptions and Processes of Evaluating Feasibility of Irrigation Projects, August 2014. This Policy Note presents the highlights of a component study of the rapid appraisal of the government`s irrigation program commissioned by the National Economic and Development Authority and the Department of Budget and Management to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, as input to the budget process...

 

PIDS

Bridging the Digital Divide through Asia-Pacific Partnership, October 2014. The APEC Digital Opportunity Center (ADOC) Project is an ECOTECH (Economic and Technical Cooperation) initiative first proposed in the 2003 APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting. The main objective of ADOC project is to reduce digital divides in the APEC region by enabling people to overcome limitations due to age, gender, health, social or education status, and to enjoy the benefits of digitalization.

 

APEC

APEC Guideline to Tackle Antimicrobial Resistance in the Asia-Pacific Region, October 2014. It is primarily based on the strategic action plan to control and prevent AMR in the Asia-Pacific region from previous APEC projects...

 

APEC

Promoting APEC SME Innovation through Smart IPR Policy: How Smart IPR Policies Can Encourage SMMEs' Research and Development, September 2014. This report provides an overview and summary of the Promoting APEC SME Financing through Smart IPR Policy Seminar, held between the 17th –18th of September 2014 at the Sofitel Sukhumvit Hotel, Bangkok by the Office of Small and Medium Enterprises Promotion (OSMEP), on behalf of the APEC SME Working Group.

 

APEC

Journal of Bhutan Studies, Volume 28, Summer 2013 (Published 2014)  

Bhutan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

October, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

US-India Relations After the Modi Visit, October 2014. Rajesh Rajagopalan, Professor of International Politics at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, explains that "there has been a refreshing change on the Indian side in being willing to openly declare India's key strategic interests."

 

EWC

What Place for the Asia-Pacific in French Global Strategy? October 2014. Arnaud Leveau, Research Fellow at the ASEAN Studies Center (ASC) at Chulalongkorn University in Thailand, explains that "it is in the French interest to support and encourage the stabilizing role of the United States in the Asia Pacific, especially to guarantee freedom of navigation at sea and of overflight."

 

EWC

Feeling Disconnected: Exploring the Relationship between Different Forms of Social Capital and Civic Engagement in Japan, Published 2014. This paper analyzes the role of social connectedness in motivating citizens to take an active interest in society and to engage in communal activities. Japan is used as an example of a society which has been diagnosed with a weakening of social bonds, as well as with an increase in social inequality and precarity in recent years...

 

DIJ

Gender and Political Participation in Post-3/11 Japan, Published 2014. In the aftermath of the triple disaster of March 11, 2011, concerned parents throughout Japan formed over 300 social movement organizations nationwide for the protection of children from radiation. Especially mothers have become active within that organizational network. For many of them, it is their first time to become politically active...

 

DIJ

India: Redesigning Fiscal Federalism after the Global Financial Crisis, 2014. Partly as a result of the Fiscal Responsibility Act (passed in 2003) the gross fiscal deficits of both central and state governments were in good order. Indeed, both central and state governments were running primary surpluses in 2006-07 and 2007-08. Partly as result of the stimulus enacted to counter the effects of the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) both central and state government have been running primary deficits since 2008-09 as a result of which gross fiscal deficits and debt have risen significantly...

 

ASARC

Caught between Theory and Practice: Government, Market, and Regulatory Failure in Electricity Sector Reforms, 2014. The world-wide electricity sector reforms of the early 1990s have revealed the complexities of introducing market driven reforms and making them work in network and infrastructure industries. This paper reflects on the experience to date with the process and outcomes of market-based electricity reforms in less-developed, transition and developed economies...

 

ASARC

Financing Post-2015 Development Challenges: Who are the Front-runners in the Asia and Pacific Region? October 2014. Adequate fiscal flexibility is a prerequisite for meeting the post-2015 development challenges. This paper proposes a composite fiscal flexibility index. Based on several important fiscal parameters, the index will identify countries in the Asia and Pacific region that are well-poised to meet the enhanced development financing requirements...

 

ADB

Industrialization and Global Value Chain Participation: An Examination of Constraints Faced by the Private Sector in Nepal, October 2014. This paper examines the constraints faced by Nepal, a least developed landlocked country, in participating in regional and global value chains. It analyzes key economic data, reviews recent and relevant publications, and draws on interviews with policy makers and stakeholders. The paper identifies behind-and beyond-the-border factors that reduce competitiveness and the ability of the private sector to participate and benefit from regional and global value chains. It also conducted case studies with two leading firms in Nepal...

 

ADB

New Evidence on the Gender Wage Gap in Indonesia, September 2014. Even though Indonesia has been experiencing impressive economic growth, urbanization could affect income inequality among workers. Using the 2010 National Labor Force Survey (Sakernas) in Indonesia, this paper examines how monthly wages are distributed between male and female workers. Empirical results indicate that urbanization tends to benefit male workers more favorably than female workers. It also shows that the gender wage gap in Indonesia is mainly due to gender discrimination. Thus, the paper proposes the implementation of laws to equalize opportunities and wages among workers, especially in the public sector...

 

ADB

Connecting South and Southeast Asia: Implementation Challenges and Coordination Arrangements, September 2014. With closer regional integration there is increasing interest within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and on the part of ASEAN's dialogue partners in the potential gains of closer connections between Southeast Asia and South Asia. The strategic positions of India, Myanmar, and Thailand provide the basis and scope for implementing multi-modal connectivity projects, for building upon and improving existing infrastructure and processes for cross-border connectivity in trade...

 

ADB

Research on Green Supply Chain Management of Yujiapu Financial District, September 2014. The publication looks into the green supply chain management in Yujiapu Financial District, APEC’s first Low-Carbon Model Town.

 

APEC

Cargo Preference and Restrictions Applying to Specific Trades, September 2014. This report looks into past and existing cargo preference along with specific trade policies within the APEC member economies. It also aims to analyze their implementation and policy effect.

 

APEC

APEC's Ease of Doing Business - Interim Assessment 2009-2013, September 2014. This report analyzes the accumulated progress by the APEC region during the period 2009-2013. The interim assessment confirms that APEC has been making continuous overall progress in the EoDB initiative since its inception. During the period 2009-2013, APEC’s combined improvement across the five EoDB priority areas was equal to 11.3 percent, but progress remained below the 2013 pro rata benchmark of 15 percent improvement. APEC will need to intensify its efforts to get closer to the 2015 target.

 

APEC

Study on the Reduction of Energy Consumption and Prevention of Harmful Exhaust Emissions from International Shipping in the APEC Region, August 2014. This project aims to achieve green growth and promote the development of clean and efficient transportation system in the APEC region by providing solutions to member economies for optimizing fuel consumption, using clean energy and reducing harmful exhaust emissions from ships while maintaining the sound and sustainable development of shipping.

 

APEC

APEC Marine Sustainable Development Report, August 2014. The report is the first APEC report on marine sustainable development, and aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current status of marine sustainable development in APEC as well as review the progress made so far, and the related challenges.

 

APEC

Hong Kong: High Frequency Macroeconomic Forecasts Current Quarter Model: 2014Q4, October 2014. According to its High Frequency Macroeconomic Forecast, real GDP in 14Q3 is estimated to grow by 2.4% when compared with the same period last year. This is a downward revision from the previous forecast release of 3.7%. This revision mainly reflects the weaker-then-expected external demand for exports of services and the weaker-than-expected local demand. In 14Q4, real GDP growth is forecast to be 2.1% when compared with the same period last year...

 

HKU

Joko Widodo's Indonesia: Possible Future Paths, September 2014. This paper looks at the possible paths for policy and development in Indonesia under the leadership of the seventh president of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, who will take office in Jakarta on 20 October. The first part is a stocktake of the challenges that lie ahead. The stocktake assesses the state of play in five areas: the political system; economic challenges; government and administration; social issues; and foreign affairs...

 

ASPI

The Submarine Choice: Perspectives on Australia's Most Complex Defence Project, September 2014. In April this year ASPI staged a conference called The Submarine Choice. In this book you’ll find a summary of each of the talks that were given at the conference, and they contain a range of perspectives. As well, we’ve included some analytic insights from ASPI. Mark Thomson and Andrew Davies write on the complex suite of industrial options...

 

ASPI

Global Value Chains, Border Management and Australian Trade, September 2014. In this Lowy Institute Analysis, Nicholas Humphries examines how Australian Customs can increase Australia’s trade competitiveness at a time when goods and services are increasingly produced across borders in so- called ‘global value chains’ (GVC). This Analysis was written as a part of the Australian Customs and Border Protection Services Fellowship at the Lowy Institute...

 

Lowy

China's Shifting Perceptions of India: The Context of Xi Jinping's Visit to India, October 2014. Selina Ho, Senior Research Fellow at the Centre on Asia and Globalisation, National University of Singapore, explains that "The growing strategic proximity between China and India increases the potential for conflict but also for cooperation."

 

EWC

ISIL, a Growing Threat in Indonesia? September 2014. Gwenael Njoto-Feillard, Visiting Fellow at the Institute of South-East Asian Studies (ISEAS) in Singapore, explains that "Stronger cooperation between the state and all elements of Islamic civil society is needed to reinforce the relative resilience of Indonesian Islam to the growth of radicalism."

 

EWC

Asian Development Outlook 2014 UPDATE (Highlights, Full Report):  Asia in Global Value Chains  

ADB

Asia Bond Monitor, September 2014. Emerging East Asian local currency (LCY) bond markets continued to perform well as global financial conditions have remained relatively benign thus far in 2014. The region, however, should prepare for possibly tighter liquidity as United States (US) quantitative easing is expected to end in October. More expansionary monetary actions from the eurozone and Japan could offset some of the impact on liquidity conditions caused by the end of US quantitative easing...

 

ADB

Asian Development Review, Vol. 31, No. 2, 2014 (Full Report):   ADB

Connecting South Asia and Southeast Asia: A Bangladesh Country Study, September 2014. Economic integration is being inhibited by the poor state of transport connectivity between Bangladesh, and South Asia and Southeast Asia. This study reviews connectivity initiatives of Bangladesh and the two neighboring regions and proposes ways to deepen regional and interregional connectivity. Since the early 1990s, as a consequence of trade-led growth strategy, South Asia and Southeast Asia have emerged as important economic partners of Bangladesh both in terms of export destination and import sourcing...

 

ADB

Capital Flows during Quantitative Easing and Aftermath: Experiences of Asian Countries, September 2014. The United States quantitative easing (QE) triggered massive expansions of capital flow into developing Asia, raising concerns about financial instability consequences. The paper examines the effect of QE on capital flows and scrutinizes factors that influence the effect of QE tapering on financial instability. The findings suggest that QE did lead to large capital inflows which, with credit expansion, magnified the effect of the QE tapering announcement on the region’s financial instability. While there is no evidence that macroprudential policies directly reduced the effect of QE tapering, they can nevertheless be useful preemptive measures.

 

ADB

Energy Security in Asia: Prospects for Regional Cooperation, September 2014. This paper illustrates the consequences of the search for energy security and its relationship to regional trade and cooperation. It asserts three main ways regional cooperation can strengthen national policies on energy security: (i) information and knowledge sharing to create a sound evidence base for policies, (ii) agreement on common policies, and (iii) subregional development of electricity and gas markets. In the long term, the biggest impact of regional cooperation on national energy security will be creating regional networks; developing subregional markets will likely be the most effective approach.

 

ADB

Energy Efficiency Improvements in Asia: Macroeconomic Impacts, September 2014. The paper finds that energy efficiency policies in Asia are expected to have a positive impact on private consumption, government expenditures, and investment. Such policies would also lead to a significant rise in trade within the region while reducing trade outside. Without measures to improve efficiency, emissions would increase significantly in most countries studied.

 

ADB

Power Sector in Developing Asia: Current Status and Policy Issues, September 2014. The paper examines the current status and future prospects of the electricity sectors and key policy issues in the People’s Republic of China (PRC), India, Japan, and the Republic of Korea. In the PRC, the fuel mix and energy efficiency are key concerns, while raising efficiency of power plants and reducing transmission losses are main issues in India. In Japan, amid reductions in nuclear output, there are aims to diversify generation portfolio by expanding renewables. In the Republic of Korea, average electricity prices are below production costs, leading to overconsumption.

 

ADB

Diversification of Energy Supply: Prospects for Emerging Energy Sources, August 2014. This paper examines the status, future prospects, environmental implications, investment and infrastructure requirements, and risks of alternative energy sources such as solar resource, wind power, and unconventional gas. Solar resource is considered excellent across developing Asia, while the wind resource is strong in several economies. While shale gas is a fast-emerging unconventional gas, it may develop slowly in the region due to various limitations, including challenging geological conditions, lack of geological data, and dense populations in prospective areas.

 

ADB

Innovative Asia: Advancing the Knowledge-Based Economy - The Next Policy Agenda, Published 2014. This study outlines policy actions required in developing countries of Asia to advance as knowledge-based economies. The study uses the four pillars of the Knowledge Economy Index to benchmark the performance of developing economies in Asia against advanced economies of the world. It analyzes opportunities by which Asia’s middle and low income countries can tap new technology trends to move up global value chains and towards high-income levels.

 

ADB

Innovative Asia: Advancing the Knowledge-Based Economy - Country Case Studies for the People's Republic of China, India, Indonesia, and Kazakhstan. This report presents the case studies of the People’s Republic of China, India, Indonesia and Kazakhstan in their knowledge-based economy approaches. It identifies a range of policies and initiatives that these economies need to consider to strengthen innovation-led growth and make a transition from middle-income to high-income levels.

 

ADB

Urban Metabolism of Six Asian Cities, Published 2014. The urban metabolism framework maps the activities of cities from their consumption of materials, the different activities associated with those processes, and the wastes produced. Information generated provides a diagnostic tool for identifying high waste generating or inefficient activities and identifying potential points of policy intervention. A streamlined urban metabolism approach based on material flow analyses was applied to six Asian cities—Bangalore, Bangkok, Ho Chi Minh City, Manila, Seoul and Shanghai...

 

ADB

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Pacific's Connectivity and Its Trade Implications, September 2014. In this paper we study the importance of transport connectivity for Pacific economies when participating in the world economy. The paper first describes the evolution of trade flows of the Pacific economies over the last decade, in terms of both trade in goods and services. It then introduces two new datasets...

 

ADB

A Connectivity-Driven Development Strategy for Nepal: From a Landlocked to a Land-Linked State, September 2014. Nepal's lackluster economic performance during the post-conflict period (that is, after November 2006) has been driven by remittances from the export of labor services and the improved performance of the agricultural sector, which is still very much weather dependent. The authors make the case for a connectivity-driven development strategy for the country...

 

ADB

Response of Stock Markets to Monetary Policy: An Asian Stock Market Perspective, September 2014. Our result points to the fact that stock prices increase persistently in response to an exogenous easing monetary policy. Variance deposition results show that, after 10 periods, the forecast error variance of beyond 53% of the Tehran Stock Exchange Price Index (TEPIX) can be explained by exogenous shocks to the US dollar–Iranian rial exchange rate, while this ratio for exogenous shocks to Iranian real gross domestic product was only 17%. We argue that such evidence can be accounted for by an endogenous response of the stock prices to the monetary policy shocks.

 

ADB

Financial Monitoring in the New ASEAN-5 Countries, May 2014. This paper examines the issues surrounding the implementation of global regulatory reforms— spearheaded by the G20 and mainly under the aegis of the Financial Stability Board (FSB)—in Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Myanmar, and Viet Nam (BCLMV). These countries are the five newest members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)...

 

ADB

Equity Home Bias, Financial Integration, and Regulatory Reforms: Implications for Emerging Asia, May 2014. With increasing financial integration and improving regulatory quality, we expect equity home bias to decline. Drawing on the supportive evidence for such trends in advanced economies, this paper investigates the links between financial integration and regulatory quality; and equity home bias in emerging Asia...

 

ADB

Study of Non-Notified Trade Agreements to the World Trade Organization: The Case of Asia and the Pacific Region, May 2014. “Cast light and evil will go away.” This is the basic idea of the transparency exercise of regional trade agreements (RTAs) at the World Trade Organization (WTO). Information sharing on RTAs is critically important because monitoring is impossible without it. In order for us to see not only good but also evil RTAs, a light called “notification requirement” should reach them. In reality, however, it is too optimistic to assume that the light reaches all RTAs...

 

ADB

The Nexus between Antidumping Petitions and Exports during the Global Financial Crisis: Evidence on the People's Republic of China, May 2014. This paper quantifies how the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) export volume to its major trading partners during the global financial crisis affects the antidumping (AD) petitions filed by the trading partners against the PRC. Focusing on the AD petitions at the Harmonized System (HS) Code 8-digit level and the PRC’s exports at the HS 2-digit level, we construct three instrument variables at the same HS level for export volume...

 

ADB

Analysis of Informal Obstacles to Cross-Border Economic Activity in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, May 2014. The barriers to trade in developing countries constitute one of the major obstacles to economic development and growth. This study aims at addressing the issues surrounding the prevalence of informal trade barriers in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. While it appears to be logical that the strongest economies of Central Asia should increase trade volume with neighboring countries, in reality the potential for intensifying cross-border trade is barely being realized...

 

ADB

The Investment Version of the Asian Noodle Bowl: The Proliferation of International Investment Agreements, April 2014. This paper aims to provide a detailed reading of recent advances in Asian investment rule-making and a finer appreciation of how rules in Asian IIAs have evolved in response to stimuli. While existing studies mainly deal with the interpretation and application of the IIAs in which the rules are given, this study deals in turn with the development of rules, including investment protection...

 

ADB

Maximizing Energy Efficiency of Supply Chain Connectivity Through Improving Rail-waterway Intermodal Container Transport (RWICT) in APEC Economies, September 2014. The analysis comprises of four sections: section one deals with the current status and trend of RWICT development in the Asia-Pacific region; section two compares RWICT with other transport modes, in the form of rail vs sea and rail vs road, mainly from the perspective of energy consumption; section three proposes suggestions in relation to China’s RWICT and some general recommendations; and section four is equivalent to a mini instruction manual, providing key information for the reference of various parties who intend to get involved in RWICT via the New Eurasia Land Bridge.

 

APEC

Independent Assessment of the APEC Mining Task Force, August 2014. The APEC Mining Task Force (MTF; ‘the group’) was established in 2007 following the 3rd Minister’s Responsible for Mining (MRM3) meeting held in Perth, Australia. The MTF has previously been reviewed through an independent assessment report in August 2011. This independent assessment examines the operations and outputs of the MTF since the 2011 review and makes recommendations to assist with enhancing the capacity and effectiveness of the group.

 

APEC

Project Summary Report - APEC Conference on Facilitating Solar Supply Chain, August 2014. On July 31st and August 1st, 2014, the APEC Conference on Facilitating the Solar Supply Chain, initiated by Viet Nam and co-sponsored by China and the United States, was held in Ha Noi, Viet Nam. The Conference sought to update information on trends in the sourcing of inputs to solar-energy projects and possible changes that could affect supply chains in the future. It also aimed at creating a platform for APEC member economies to discuss current supply-chain management procedures and networks in the solar industry, as well as discussing opportunities and challenges in the solar equipment industry, with possible recommendations to tackle such challenges.

 

APEC

Financing APEC SME Innovation Workshop: Identifying Government Policies that Promote Venture Capital In-vestment in APEC Economies, August 2014. This report provides an overview and summary of the Financing APEC SME Innovation Workshop held between the 18th – 19th of June 2014 at the Sofitel Sukhumvit Hotel, Bangkok by the Office of Small and Medium Enterprises Promotion (OSMEP), on behalf of the APEC SME Working Group. The main objective of the two day workshop is to devise a set of policy recommendations to be enacted APEC-wide for both developed and developing member economies to encourage both domestic and cross-border venture capitalist investment, with a focus on encouraging venture capital market growth in latecomer economies.

 

APEC

Promoting Regional Education Services Integration: APEC University Associations Cross-Border Education Cooperation Workshop - Workshop Report, June 2014. This report has been prepared to summarise discussions at the APEC University Associations Cross-Border Education Cooperation Workshop. The workshop was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia between 20 and 22 May 2014 and was attended by delegates from Australia; Canada; Hong Kong, China; Indonesia; Japan; Korea; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; The Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Viet Nam; and the United States.

 

APEC

Institute of Southeast Asian Studies - Trends in Southeast Asia 2014
#01: China's Economic Engagement With Southeast Asia: Malaysia
#02: The Political Economy of RCEP & TPP Agreements: An ASEAN
        Perspective
#03: New Chinese Migration and Capital in Cambodia
#04: Reforms will Determine Degree of Vietnam's Dependence on
       China

 

ISEAS

To Choose or Not to Choose: How to Deal with China's Growing Power and Influence, August 2014. This paper collects 10 items published on the ASPI blog The Strategist by eight authors on one of the most important public policy issues of this decade and beyond: how to deal with China’s growing power and influence. The hope is that this debate will start to identify points of shared thinking and expose the areas where further work is needed to improve the quality of policy outcomes. ASPI will continue to publish on the topic. There is no more important subject for the future of Australia and for a stable Asia–Pacific.

 

ASPI

Strategy and Its Discontents: The Place of Strategy in National Policymaking, July 2014. One of the liveliest debates to have taken place on ASPI’s blog, The Strategist, concerned the place of strategy in Canberra’s policymaking community. It seems that there’s little consensus around what strategy’s core business should be, let alone who should practice it and whether indeed enough strategy is being done by DFAT, Defence or other parts of government. The 11 short pieces printed here by eight authors with quite diverse perspectives span a broad range of views about the definition, role, purpose and health of strategic policymaking. There’s no more important debate in public policy than on the place of strategy in meeting complex national challenges. This paper hopefully will encourage a more structured debate about strategy’s place at the heart of national policymaking.

 

ASPI

Violence against Women in PNG: How Men Are Getting Away with Murder, August 2014. The women of Papua New Guinea (PNG) endure some of the most extreme levels of violence in the world. They continue to be attacked with impunity despite their government’s promises of justice. The situation has been described as a humanitarian disaster yet still does not receive the broader public attention it deserves, inside or outside PNG. It is also a significant obstacle to PNG’s development and prosperity...

 

Lowy

Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2014 (Highlights, Special Supplement and Full Report):
  • Part I: Special Chapter: Poverty in Asia: A Deeper Look
  • Part II: Millennium Development Goals
  • Part III: Regional Trends and Tables

Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2014 covers 48 economies: Afghanistan, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Cook Islands, Fiji Islands, Georgia, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Republic of Korea, Kyrgyz Republic, Lao, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Taipei, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, and Viet Nam.

 

ADB

Assessing the Costs of Climate Change and Adaptation in South Asia, Published 2014. According to the report's findings the total climate change cost in South Asia will increase over time and will be prohibitively high in the long term. Without global deviation from a fossil-fuel-intensive path, South Asia could lose an equivalent 1.8% of its annual gross domestic product (GDP) by 2050, which will progressively increase to 8.8% by 2100. The model suggests that the Maldives will be hardest hit in GDP loss, while Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka are projected to face 2.0%, 1.4%, 1.8%, 2.2%, and 1.2%, respectively, loss of annual GDP by 2050...

 

ADB

ASEAN 2030: Toward a Borderless Economic Community, Published 2014. This book investigates long-term development issues for members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). It finds that with a proper policy mix including domestic structural reforms and bold initiatives for regional integration, by 2030 ASEAN has the potential to reach the average quality of life enjoyed today in advanced economies and fulfill its aspirations to become a resilient, inclusive, competitive, and harmonious (RICH) region...

 

ADB

From Global Factory to Global Mall: East Asia's Changing Trade Composition, August 2014. This paper studies how East Asia's trade composition and orientation have changed over the past decade and analyzes the implications for the region and beyond. Over the last 2 decades we have witnessed the emergence of regional and global supply chains, in which production is divided into production stages or tasks across the most competitive locations. East Asia has been the most successful region in the world in building up or joining regional and global supply chains and has been described as "Factory Asia" (Baldwin 2008)...

 

ADB

Trade Policy and Growth in Asia, August 2014. This paper examines the changing relationship between trade policy, production networks, and economic growth in Asia. It traces East Asia's rise to the coveted "Factory Asia" league with rapid growth over several decades through trade policy anchored on outward-oriented industrialization strategies, including a voluntary liberalization approach under the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and a multilateral approach under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)/World Trade Organization (WTO) system...

 

ADB

Economic Implications of Deeper South Asian - Southeast Asian Integration: A CGE Approach, August 2014. South and Southeast Asian economic integration via increased trade flows has been increasing significantly over the past 2 decades, but the level of trade continues to be relatively low. This underperformance has been due to both policy-related variables—relatively high tariff and non-tariff barriers—and high trade costs due to inefficient "hard" and "soft" infrastructure (costly transport links and problems related to trade facilitation). The goal of this study is to estimate the potential gains from South Asian–Southeast Asian economic integration using an advanced computable general equilibrium (CGE) model...

 

ADB

Measuring Value Added in the People's Republic of China's Exports: A Direct Approach, August 2014. We apply a direct approach to estimate domestic value added embedded in the People's Republic of China's (PRC) exports. The estimates suggest that the domestic value added of processing exports and processing high-tech exports gradually increased from 30% and 25%, to 44% and 45%, respectively, between 1997 and 2012. On the other hand, the domestic content of processing exports with supplied materials fell to 14% from the peak of 35%...

 

ADB

Three Arrows of "Abenomics" and the Structural Reform of Japan: Inflation Targeting Policy of the Central Bank, Fiscal Consolidation, and Growth Strategy, August 2014. "Abenomics" refers to the economic policies advocated by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe who became prime minister of Japan for a second time when his party, the Liberal Democratic Party, won an overwhelming majority at the general election in December 2012. Abenomics has "three arrows": (i) aggressive monetary policy, (ii) fiscal consolidation, and (iii) growth strategy...

 

ADB

Three Cheers for Abe's High-Tech CLT Wooden Arrow: The Future of Japanese Construction, August 2014. The August 7 Bloomberg article, “Japanese Women Armed With Chainsaws Head to the Hills Under Abe's Plan”, legitimately lauds this Abe initiative that promotes women and Japanese forestry, especially high-tech and environmentally friendly forestry. The article reports that 3000 women are entering the wood business in a variety of capacities, including as lumberjacks. Further expanding women’s opportunities in non-traditional roles is a no-brainer in any context, but especially in Japan...

 

APJ

Why Do We Still Need to Talk About "Historical Understanding" in East Asia? August 2014. In Japan today, a spirit of “dislike China, hate Korea” is widespread. Since the summer of 2012, when territorial disputes over the small Senkaku/Diaoyu and Takeshima/Dokto islands became the focus of diplomatic struggle with these neighboring East Asian countries, and even more so since the real possibility has emerged of an armed clash with China, a view has spread in Japan that denies the need to keep talking about historical understanding of the first half of the twentieth century...

 

APJ

Dirty Wars: French and American Piaster Profiteering in Indochina, 1945-75, August 2014. With its economy devastated by war, its national glory sullied by ignominious defeats at the hands of Germany and Japan, and its colonial legacy morally undercut by the Atlantic Charter, France in 1945 faced immense challenges. Especially daunting was the job of restoring its empire, particularly in distant Indochina. For French political leaders and imperialists who equated empire with national greatness, simply granting Indochina its independence was out of the question. But reoccupying the lost colony would be no easy matter...

 

APJ

The Overseas Dispatch of Japan's Self-Defense Forces and U.S. War Preparations, August 2014. Regardless of Prime Minister Abe’s attempt to make the case that collective self-defense is constitutional, for some time the Self-Defense Forces have been working to achieve for Japan the status of a “state that can wage war overseas.” Behind this movement wriggles U.S. intent. “Solely defensive” has been rescinded and the ground prepared for the coming right of collective self-defense...

 

APJ

The Radiation That Makes People Invisible: A Global Hibakusha Perspective, August 2014. Radiation makes people invisible. We know that exposure to radiation can be deleterious to one’s health; can cause sickness and even death when received in high doses. But it does more. People who have been exposed to radiation, or even those who suspect that they have been exposed to radiation, including those who never experience radiation-related illnesses, may find that their lives are forever changed – that they have assumed a kind of second class citizenship...

 

APJ

Economic and Security Reform in Japan: Harder Than It Looks, August 2014. H. D. P. (David) Envall, Research Fellow at the Department of International Relations at Australian National University, writes that "Overextending national security reforms could undermine the government's popularity and thus damage its capacity to undertake difficult economic changes."

 

EWC

Understanding the Persistence of American Alliances and Partnerships in the Asia-Pacific, August 2014. William Tow, Professor at Australian National University, writes that "Understanding why many of these relationships have endured beyond the Cold War and what their applicability is to a rapidly changing regional strategic environment is the subject of a new joint research project now underway involving the East-West Center (EWC), Washington D.C. office, collaborating with the Australian National University (ANU)."

 

EWC

US Comfort Women Memorials: Vehicles for Understanding and Change, August 2014. Mary M. McCarthy, Japan Studies Visiting Fellow at the East-West Center in Washington, states that "local communities in the United States collaborating with their counterparts in South Korea and Japan could make a real difference in promoting understanding on the difficult issue of comfort women."

 

EWC

Prospects for US-India Economic Relations under Prime Minister Modi, August 2014. Pravakar Sahoo, Associate Professor at the Institute of Economic Growth, New Delhi, explains that "The time is now ripe for US firms to do business in India, and Secretary Kerry's visit is good timing, but things will move only if outstanding issues are solved and trust at the highest level restored."

 

EWC

Jokowi's Rise and Indonesia's Second Democratic Transition, August 2014. Vibhanshu Shekhar, Scholar-in-Residence at the ASEAN Studies Center, American University, explains that "A new political voting class in Indonesia is now beginning to emerge that is keen to play a role in the country's democratic politics, is well-informed of issues and interests, and expects a government that is accountable."

 

EWC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

  

 
 

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