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We index full-text journals with open access platforms in our NEW Asia-Studies Full-Text Plus section. Here is the list of journals available.

 
 

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

 
 

April, 2015 Current Topics

 

Source

 

 

 

 

MAS Survey of Professional Forecasters, March 2015. The MAS Survey of Professional Forecasters provides a summary of forecasts of Singapore's key economic indicators by economists and analysts. The survey is conducted quarterly following the release of economic data for the previous quarter by the Ministry of Trade and Industry.

 

MAS

Adjustments of Capital Account Restrictions and Exchange Rate Regimes in East Asia, March 2015. This paper discusses adjustments of capital account restrictions and exchange rate regimes in East Asia. Monetary authorities have two options for these adjustments: gradual adjustments or rapid adjustments. We analyze the costs and benefits for both adjustment options in each area, i.e., capital account restrictions and exchange rate regime. The paper provides prominent country cases for each adjustment option to emphasize the benefits for policymakers. We then propose four transition policy options for East Asian countries aiming to relax capital account restrictions and increase flexibility in exchange rates from fixed regimes with capital account controls.

 

ADB

Myanmar: Cross-cutting Governance Challenges, March 2015. Specifically, the paper discusses outstanding problem areas related to economic governance, particularly in the legal system, the business regulatory framework, and in bureaucratic capacity as well as the potential use of external policy anchors, particularly in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) process, to strengthen Myanmar’s ongoing reform effort...

 

ADB

An Emerging 3rd Pillar in Asian Architecture? AIIB and Other China-led Initiatives, March 2015. Cheng-Chwee Kuik, Associate Professor, Strategic Studies and International Relations at the National University of Malaysia, explains that “the emerging institutional pole is China-centered [and] anchored on remuneration-calculated and identity-based ‘common security’.”

 

EWC

A Little Help from Our Friends: Security Partnerships and the Rebalance, March 2015. Marvin Ott, senior scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center, and Julia Allen, strategic studies major at Johns Hopkins University, explain that "the Rebalance will be unsustainable without heavy reliance on tangible expressions of regional support [from critical partners] Australia, the Philippines, and Singapore."

 

EWC

Anchors and Antidotes: The Japan-Australia Strategic Partnership, March 2015. Malcolm Cook, senior fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, and Thomas Wilkins, senior lecturer at the University of Sydney, explain that "The rapid development of the Japan-Australia security partnership over the last decade and into the future is anchored in their respective alliance relationships with the United States and support for US regional leadership."

 

EWC

Global Strategic Patenting and Innovation--Policy and Research Implications, February 2015. As an exclusionary property right, patents invite their use as a strategic weapon to shape markets and to reap monopoly rents through patent monetization. The increasing variety and global reach of strategic patenting strategies pose new and under-researched challenges for the international distribution of innovation gains. This think piece explores the proliferation of strategic patenting strategies, and highlights the growing complexity and uncertainty of the international patent system that result from the increasing use of patents as market deterrents and as a new asset class...

 

EWC

Reinventing Asian Populism: Jokowi's Rise, Democracy, and Political Contestation in Indonesia, Published 2015. Around the globe, populists have used the decline of established political parties and widespread societal fears of globalization to launch increasingly successful electoral campaigns. Indonesia is no exception. In the 2014 presidential elections, two populists even competed against each other—albeit with vastly different concepts of populism. Prabowo Subianto, the wealthy former son-in-law of ex-autocrat Suharto, offered a classic populist paradigm based on anti-foreign rhetoric, condemnation of the status quo, appeal to the poor, and neo-authoritarian reform plans. By contrast, his opponent, the down-to-earth former carpenter and Jakarta governor...

 

EWC

Making Timber Plantations an Attractive Business for Smallholders, March 2015. The businesses of most smallholder timber growers are not strictly market-oriented. Consequently, opportunities to make better income from timber selling are often lost. Timber plantations generate important additional income for farmers. In Gunungkidul district, Indonesia, where smallholder teak plantations are grown, timber selling contributes about 15% of farmers total income...

 

CIFOR

Do Tree Plantations Support Forest Conservation? January 2015. Tree plantations potentially support natural forest conservation. The main hypothesis for this effect is that tree plantations substitute natural forests for production, especially when plantations achieve high productivity. An exhaustive review of the published literature shows a diversity of analytical approaches with theoretical modeling, econometrics or descriptive statistics as main categories...

 

CIFOR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASEAN Ascending: Achieving 'Centrality' in the Emerging Asian Order, March 2015. One factor that’s likely to bear heavily on the future trajectory of the proposed ASEAN Community is the influence of an increasingly assertive government in Beijing. The People’s Republic of China (PRC) is now the pre-eminent power in Southeast Asia. To be successful, the ASEAN Community will also require considerable backing from the US—the other major power in Southeast Asia. Ultimately, it will be up to ASEAN itself to achieve centrality and thereby remain a relevant player in the emerging Asian order.

 

ASPI

Nuclear Latency and the Future Strategic Environment, March 2015. Since the 1946 ‘Report on the International Control of Atomic Energy’ and the closely associated Baruch Plan formulated by the United States, ‘nuclear latency’ —put simply, the potential for countries to obtain nuclear weapons capability—has been a factor threatening to undermine strategic equilibrium on the world stage. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and resulting nonproliferation regime may have allayed mid-20th century concerns about the rate of spread of nuclear weapons, but the notion of nuclear latency has by no means become obsolete...

 

ASPI

Australia, Indonesia and the Prisoner's Dilemma, March 2015. The bilateral relationship between Australia and Indonesia has long been a fraught one. The latest tussle, over the imminent execution of two Australian prisoners in Indonesia, prompted a series of posts on ASPI’s blog, The Strategist, framing the broader relationship in the context of the Prisoner’s Dilemma model from game theory...

 

ASPI

Dynamic Effect of a Change in the Exchange Rate System: From a Fixed Regime to a Basket-Peg or a Floating Regime, March 2015. This paper theoretically evaluates the dynamic effects of a shift in an exchange rate system from a fixed regime to a basket peg, or to a floating regime, and obtains transition paths for the shift based on a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model of a small open economy. We apply quantitative analysis using data from the People's Republic of China and Thailand and find that a small open country would be better off shifting to a basket peg or to a floating regime than maintaining a dollar-peg regime with capital controls over the long run.

 

ADB

Price Discovery and Foreign Participation in the Republic of Korea's Government Bond Cash and Futures Markets, March 2015. Using daily data from the over-the-counter market for cash and the Korea Exchange for futures transactions, the results show that foreign trading in the KTB futures market leads the price discovery process for the underlying bonds. Specifically, foreigners’ daily net long positions in the futures market exert significant influence in both KTB cash and futures prices. The empirical findings also indicate that it is the unexpected component of foreign investors’ net long futures positions that explains a significant share of the pricing effects.

 

ADB

IFAP Implementation in Facilitating Investment for the Asia Pacific Region: 2014 Update, March 2015. This report analyzes the progress of five APEC member economies have made toward reaching IFAP implementation goals. The Policy Support Unit (PSU) was asked to assist the Investment Experts’ Group (IEG) in preparing an analysis of the progress that APEC has made in implementing the agreed-upon IFAP principles and a review of APEC completed projects that are related with IFAP.

 

APEC

APEC Public-Private Dialogue on Identifying and Addressing Impediments to Improve a Business-Friendly Infrastructure Investment in the APEC Region, February 2015. The Dialogue sought to create a suitable platform for the representatives from public and private sector to discuss and to identify unnecessary impediments with regard to the Infrastructure Investment in the APEC Region.

 

APEC

APEC at a Glance, 2015. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum was established in 1989 to capitalize on the growing interdependence of Asia-Pacific economies. This handy publication lists APEC's goals, modus operandi and member economies.

 

APEC

Study Report of APEC Low Carbon Model Town Development Index System, February 2015. Recognizing the importance of environmental and energy issues, the international community has convened several international conferences on reducing the emission of greenhouse gas, energy saving and development of alternative energy and exploring strategies for sustainable development. This report looks at the index system for APEC Low-Carbon Model Town development in China.

 

APEC

Requesting Mutual Legal Assistance in criminal matters from APEC Economies: A Step-by-Step Guide, Published 2014. This guide provides concise, step-by-step instructions on how to initiate and successfully conduct requests for mutual legal assistance made within the APEC region.

 

APEC

Promoting Infrastructure Investment in APEC Region through Public-Private Partnerships, August 2014. This publication, entitled “Promoting Infrastructure Investment in the APEC Region through Public-Private Partnership” is a research report on the 2014 APEC Investment Experts' Group Public-Private Dialogue held in Beijing, China.

 

APEC

Policy Enablers for New Wind Energy Markets, March 2015. This paper focuses on wind energy policies in the emerging wind energy markets and provides lessons learned from developed wind markets and three new markets—Mongolia, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka. It is based on the work done by the Quantum Leap in Wind Power Development in Asia and the Pacific (QLW), a project funded by the Asian Development Bank to facilitate wind power sector development in developing countries...

 

ADB

Paper-Free Trade for Smallholder Farmers: A Pilot Study of a Coffee Association in the Lao People's Democratic Republic, February 2015. The time and money savings obtained by the coffee producer organization in document handling demonstrate to governments and small businesses the wider benefits of online information transfer and provide impetus for streamlining the approval of cross-border trade documents...

 

ADB

Proceedings of the Second South Asia Judicial Roundtable on Environmental Justice Thimphu, Bhutan 30-31 August 2013, Published 2015. This publication documents the proceedings of the Second South Asia Judicial Roundtable on Environmental Justice, held on 30–31 August 2013 in Thimphu, Bhutan. It brought together chief justices, senior judges, and experts from various fields to consider common environmental challenges in the region, share experiences, and discuss opportunities for cooperation between judiciaries to enhance environmental adjudication and enforcement...

 

ADB

Building Human Capital through Labor Migration in Asia, Published 2015. This report is a summary of the major policy issues raised at discussions at the Fourth Roundtable on Labor Migration. It outlines the trends in labor migration in Asia and reviews the links between migration and human capital development. It also includes an overview of national initiatives and bilateral agreements on this issue as well as an examination of the impact of migration on family members, especially children, "left behind."...

 

ADB

Labor Migration, Skills and Student Mobility in Asia, Published 2014. This report is a summary of the major policy issues raised at discussions at the Third Roundtable on Labor Migration. It highlights the trends and outlook for labor migration in Asia and assesses the labor market requirements for foreign workers, with a focus on building a skills mobility area among the ASEAN member states, links to education, as well as management of low-skilled migration and promotion of decent work opportunities for labor migrants...

 

ADB

ASEAN, PRC, and India: The Great Transformation, Published 2014. This book focuses on the prospects and challenges for growth and transformation of the region's major and rapidly growing emerging economies to 2030. It also examines the drivers of growth and development in the ACI economies and the factors that will affect the quality of that development. It explores links among the ACI economies and how these may shape regional and global competition and cooperation...

 

ADB

ASEAN 2030: Toward a Borderless Economic Community, Published 2014. This book investigates long-term development issues for members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). It finds that with a proper policy mix including domestic structural reforms and bold initiatives for regional integration, by 2030 ASEAN has the potential to reach the average quality of life enjoyed today in advanced economies. Through closer integration, ASEAN can form a partnership for shared prosperity, regionally and globally...

 

ADB

Trade Policy in Asia: Higher Education and Media Services, Published 2014. The provision of education and media services involves extensive public sector participation and significant domestic regulation. At the same time, they are dramatically affected by the information and communication technology revolution. This book provides readers with a comprehensive and consistent treatment of policy in the higher education and media services sector across Asia, identifying common elements and highlighting critical implications for trade policy...

 

ADB

Connecting Central Asia with Economic Centers, Published 2014. This report by the Asian Development Bank Institute offers a macroeconomic overview of Central Asia from 1990 to the present; examines trade ties between Central Asia and economic centers; analyzes foreign direct investment links; examines finance, infrastructure, migration, institutions, and other linkages; and provides key policy recommendations for Central Asia's regional and global economic connectivity...

 

ADB

Connecting Central Asia with Economic Centers: Interim Report, Published 2014. This is the interim report of the ADBI study on Connecting Central Asia with Economic Centers, focusing on Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The aim of the study is to examine the pattern of economic relationships between these economies and major economic centers, highlight emerging challenges, and explore policy implications. It considers trade ties, foreign direct investment and financial flows, migration and remittances, and institutional cooperation between Central Asian economies and major economic centers...

 

ADB

Financial Inclusion in Asia: Country Surveys, Published 2014. This book surveys the efforts to broaden financial inclusion in five major economies: the People's Republic of China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand. While much progress has been made, the challenge of providing universal access remains a daunting one. Ensuring that every household has a deposit account is a first step but more is required, including access to credit and insurance as well as efficient methods to transfer money, such as remittances...

 

ADB

Operationalizing Economic Corridors in Central Asia: A Case Study of the Almaty–Bishkek Corridor, Published 2014. Under recently approved plans of the Government of Kazakhstan, regional development within the country will be focused on increased size and economic density of urban clusters through agglomeration, combined with good links between urban clusters and smaller cities and rural areas. This ambitious agenda, if realized, will contribute to significant growth of Almaty’s economy. Although the information available for Bishkek’s development plans is less specific on investments, it indicates a strategic thrust toward enhancing the business climate, greater transparency, and improved governance to attract private investments into the city...

 

ADB

Handbook for Rooftop Solar Development in Asia, Published 2014. Drawing on ADB’s experience, this handbook aims to demystify the process of developing solar photovoltaic projects in urban areas, providing detailed descriptions and guidance for all stages of development, including initial prefeasibility assessment, design, financing, procurement, and operations and maintenance...

 

ADB

A Western Strategy for the South Caucasus, February 2015. The Caucasus is key to any Western efforts to shape future interactions between Europe and the Middle East, and to Western commercial and strategic interests in Eurasia. At a time when the two most salient challenges to the transatlantic alliance are Russia’s aggressive expansionism and the Islamic radicalism in the Middle East, the Caucasus is a strategically important pressure point in both directions. This alone should dictate a growing American and European engagement with the states of the Caucasus, but instead Western influence in the region is at an all-time low. As Western influence has declined, the region’s development has stagnated, threatening its long-term viability and eroding Western interests...

 

ISDP

The PLA and Student Recruits: Reforming China's Conscription System, January 2015. China’s conscription system has come into focus in recent years amidst changes in the regulations governing the enlistment of college student recruits into the country’s military forces. In 2001, in accordance with the amended Regulations on Conscription Work, the People’s Liberation Army began to enlist college students with 2,000 students being conscripted that year. Since then, the number has grown significantly to a yearly intake of nearly 150,000 in 2014. This paper accordingly examines the content of these changes, the reasons behind them, and their implications. The author argues that the driving force behind the change in the system is that the enlistment of college students is urgently needed to rapidly advance the modernization of China’s national defense and the armed forces...

 

ISDP

Putin's Grand Strategy: The Eurasian Union and Its Discontents, Published 2014. Bringing together a group of leading American and European experts, this is the first book-length study of Russian President Vladimir Putin's effort to create a Eurasian Union. The book indicates the ideological origins and character of this project; focusing not only on Putin's strategic objectives but the tactics he employs to achieve them. The volume stresses the high degree of coordination that has been achieved among sectors of the Russian state that are accustomed to function as sovereign bureaucracies...

 

ISDP

Iranian Foreign Policy under Rouhani, February 2015. In this Lowy Institute Analysis Rodger Shanahan examines changes in Iranian foreign policy under President Rouhani. He argues that while the Iranian President has changed the tone of Iranian foreign policy, changing the substance will prove much more difficult...

 

Lowy

Trends in Southeast Asia 2015 #02: The Armed Forces in Myanmar Politics: A Terminating Role?. While the constitution under which the current government of President Thein Sein was created in 2011 has all the characteristics expected of a modern republic, the continued autonomy and political role of the armed forces are perceived by opponents of the regime as an anomaly. Despite this apparent anomaly, the speed and thoroughness with which the transition from military authoritarian rule to most, if not all, of the features expected of a system of “democratic” rule has surprised most observers and analysts of the current Myanmar situation...

 

ISEAS

The Conflict in Northern Myanmar: Another American Anti-China Conspiracy? February 2015. Yun Sun, fellow of the Stimson Center and the Brookings Institution, explains that "Great powers like China and the U.S. should be particularly careful and guarded against manipulations from local players. Washington and Beijing are seeking cooperation on many important fronts and progress in Myanmar should not be sabotaged by manufactured stories about each other's policies."

 

EWC

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: New Paradigm or Old Wine in a New Bottle? February 2015. Sanchita Basu Das, ISEAS Fellow and Lead Researcher at the ASEAN Studies Centre, explains that, "Although RCEP could be an easier negotiating path for the ASEAN nations and others, there is a high chance that it may lose sight of its strategic goals, such as maintaining centrality, that make it an attractive proposition in the first place."

 

EWC

India's Economic Potential in Looking East, February 2015. Ganeshan Wignaraja, Director of Research at the Asian Development Bank Institute in Tokyo, explains that "India has a comparative advantage in services sectors and RCEP provides inroads for Indian services in China and the rest of East Asia."

 

EWC

Philippine Institute for Development Studies - Policy Notes:

 

PIDS

Philippine Institute for Development Studies - Discussion Paper Series:

 

PIDS

Philippine Agriculture Saddled by Poor Irrigation Systems, October-December 2014. The main feature in this issue dwells on the critical policy issues in irrigation development confronting the agriculture sector. In particular, it discusses the unsuitable design of irrigation systems arising from poor assumptions and technical calculations, the trade-offs between construction of new systems and rehabilitation of existing ones, operational and maintenance issues, and financing and cost recovery...

 

PIDS

Amending the Economic Provisions of the 1987 Constitution, December 2014. Amending the Constitution`s economic provisions is an ideal recourse for the Philippines if it wants to benefit from the establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015. The country needs to be competitive in order to take advantage of the growing marketplace of opportunities, especially for small and medium enterprises. Platforms like the AEC and other free trade agreements are gaining more success in terms of reducing or removing market entry and access issues.

 

PIDS

Examining How Long Fallow Swidden Systems Impact upon Livelihood and Ecosystem Services Outcomes Compared with Alternative Land-Uses in the Uplands of Southeast Asia, Published 2015. Swidden agriculture or shifting cultivation has been practised in the uplands of Southeast Asia for centuries and is estimated to support up to 500 million people most of whom are poor, natural resource reliant uplanders. Recently, however, dramatic land-use transformations have generated social, economic and ecological impacts that have affected the extent, practice and outcomes of swidden in the region...

 

CIFOR

To What Extent Does the Presence of Forests and Trees Contribute to Food Production in Humid and Dry Forest Landscapes?: A Systematic Review Protocol, Published 2015. This review assesses the strength of the evidence that reports how forests and trees contribute to agricultural (food) production in order to prioritize further research for better decision-making. The search strategy employs terms from studies on forests, agroforestry, ecosystem services and agriculture across a range of bibliographic databases, internet and specialist search engines and an open call for gray literature...

 

CIFOR

Does Production of Oil Palm, Soybean, or Jatropha Change Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functions in Tropical Forests, Published 2014. Biofuels, or fuels derived from transformation of biological matter, are hailed by some as a promising source of renewable energy potentially reducing greenhouse gas emissions. A widespread adoption of biofuels will however present its own set of challenges and consequences...

 

CIFOR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

Towards "Trade Policy Analysis 2.0": From National Comparative Advantage to Firm-Level Trade Data, February 2015. This paper makes the case for the need to "upgrade" current analytical tools used for trade policy analysis and complement them with more detailed firm-level data. Such an upgrade should be based on the latest intellectual advancements in trade theories and the latest firm-level trade statistics that are now becoming widely available. An upgraded "Trade Policy Analysis 2.0" could contribute to several trade policy priorities and to a better understanding of the benefits from international trade for firm competitiveness, job creation, and consumer welfare.

 

ADB

SME Internationalization through Global Value Chains and Free Trade Agreements: Malaysian Evidence, February 2015. Growing internationalization of firms in Asia through participation in global value chains (GVCs) and free trade agreements (FTAs) has focused attention on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Yet there is scant literature on the characteristics of SMEs involved in GVCs and FTAs. Malaysia is reputed for its engagement in GVCs and is actively pursuing FTAs. Drawing on a survey of Malaysian enterprises, this paper examines the characteristics of SMEs in GVCs and FTAs and explores the policy implications. It finds that even among SMEs, firm size matters for participation in GVCs and FTAs...

 

ADB

Dynamic Shift to a Basket-Peg or Floating Regime in East Asian Countries in Response to the People's Republic of China's Transition to a New Exchange Rate Regime, February 2015. This paper analyzes a desirable transition path for East Asian countries given the People's Republic of China's (PRC's) transition to a new exchange rate regime. It attempts to answer two main questions: (i) Would these countries be better off shifting to either a basket peg or a floating regime following the PRC's transition to a basket peg regime? (ii) How and when should these countries shift to the desired regime...

 

ADB

Trilemma Challenges for the People's Republic of China, February 2015. This paper first reviews recent developments in exchange rate regimes, capital account liberalization, interest rate liberalization, and monetary policymaking in the People's Republic of China (PRC). It then observes that the PRC's monetary policy autonomy may have been reduced with falling capital control effectiveness and a rigid exchange regime that is still tightly managed against the United States (US) dollar...

 

ADB

Financial Inclusion, Poverty, and Income Inequality in Developing Asia, January 2015. This paper presents a broad-based financial inclusion indicator to assess various macroeconomic and country-specific factors affecting the degree of financial inclusion for 37 selected developing Asian economies. Using the newly constructed financial inclusion indicator, this paper finds that per capita income, rule of law, and demographic structure are highly correlated with financial inclusion. Empirical findings also show that financial inclusion is significantly associated with lower poverty and income inequality in the region.

 

ADB

MAS Survey of Professional Forecasters, December 2014. The MAS Survey of Professional Forecasters provides a summary of forecasts of Singapore's key economic indicators by economists and analysts. The survey is conducted quarterly following the release of economic data for the previous quarter by the Ministry of Trade and Industry.

 

MAS

MAS Financial Stability Review, November 2014. The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) conducts regular assessments of risks and vulnerabilities arising from developments in Singapore and the global economy, and assesses their implications for the soundness and stability of Singapore’s financial system. The analyses and results are contained in the Financial Stability Review (FSR), which aims to contribute to a greater understanding among market participants, analysts and the public on issues affecting Singapore's financial system.

 

MAS

Hong Kong: High Frequency Macroeconomic Forecasts Current Quarter Model: 2015Q1, January 2015. According to its High Frequency Macroeconomic Forecast, real GDP in 14Q4 is estimated to grow by 2.5% when compared with the same period in 2013. This is an upward revision from the previous forecast release of 2.1%. This revision reflects the stronger-than-expected private consumption. In 15Q1, real GDP growth is forecast to be 2.4% when compared with the same period last year...

 

HKU

Trends in Southeast Asia 2015 #01: China's Quest for Energy in Southeast Asia: Impact and Implications. Energy cooperation between China and ASEAN countries since its initiation in the late 1970s has been viewed as an important part of China-ASEAN relations. As China expanded its FDI to Southeast Asia after the global financial crisis in 2008, cooperation in this field developed to a new level, extending from energy trade to energy resource exploration and related infrastructure-building. However, while some momentum exists towards continued cooperation, several factors are pushing the region towards competition and conflicts...

 

ISEAS

Jordan's Youth after the Arab Spring, February 2015. Despite the lack of a full-scale uprising, protests in Jordan and unrest across the Arab world convinced Jordan’s King Abdullah to announce a series of political reforms. Yet while the result of these reforms has been underwhelming, popular and youth pressure for change since November 2012 has declined. In particular, youth activists in Jordan have stepped back from public demonstrations demanding broad socio-political change. Observing the disastrous aftermath of the Arab Spring in Syria and Egypt in particular, Jordanian youth are caught between a desire for political reform and a fear of instability...

 

Lowy

International Journal of Korean Studies, Volume XVIII, No. 1, 2014  

IJKS

Why Australia Should Build Its Own Submarines, January 2015. This paper considers the design and build of Australia’s future submarine including the possible acquisition of Japanese submarines by Australia to replace the Collins class and a hybrid approach of constructing the hull modules in Japan and assembling them here. It provides lessons learned from the Collins project...

 

ASPI

Powering Paradises: Recommendations for the Hawai'i-Okinawa Clean Energy Initiative, January 2015. Aiko Shimizu, Visiting Fellow at the East-West Center in Washington, explains that "Effectively utilizing the Hawai'i-Okinawa Clean Energy Initiative could simultaneously address major economic development and energy security issues in both Japan and the U.S. while improving the two countries' national security cooperation and promoting soft power."

 

EWC

Malaysia's ASEAN Chairmanship in 2015: Perspectives and Prospects, January 2015. JBenjamin Ho, Bhubhindar Singh, and Sarah Teo, at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) in Singapore, explain that "As the ASEAN chair in a crucial year for the Association, Malaysia will need to manage two issues deemed important to the region—the territorial disputes in the South China Sea and ASEAN community building."

 

EWC

Changing Patterns of Food Consumption in Sri Lanka: 1985-2009, Published 2015. This paper examines the patterns of food consumption in Sri Lanka from 1985 to 2009 using the food disappearance data published by the Food and Agriculture Organization. Trends in per capita daily calorie, protein and fat supply have been examined. The study finds that grain food proucts are the main source of calories and protein, while fat-calories were mainly sourced from non-grain vegetable products and animal food products...

 

ASARC

Panchayats and Household Vulnerability in Rural India, Published 2014. India, particularly rural India, has been home to entrenched poverty for long. It is, therefore, imperative to understand people’s vulnerability to poverty. Further, since the Government of India has invested considerable human and financial resources in Gram Panchayats it is important to understand to what extent these Panchayats have been successful in redressing vulnerability, especially since we establish that1 ex-ante vulnerability has a significant effect on ex post poverty dynamics...

 

ASARC

APEC Outcomes & Outlook 2014/2015. 2015 is the year where APEC meets under the theme “Building Inclusive Economies, Building a Better World”. APEC 2015 will focus on four key priorities: Enhancing the Regional Economic Integration Agenda, Fostering Small and Medium Enterprises’ Participation in Regional and Global Markets, Investing in Human Capital Development and Building Sustainable and Resilient Communities. This publication also looks back at the outcomes of APEC China 2014 and the 22nd APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting in Beijing, China.

 

APEC

APEC Policy Support Unit, January 2015. This is a handy publication which lists the APEC Policy Support Unit's goals, focus areas, governance structure, and modus operandi.

 

APEC

Services, Manufacturing and Productivity, January 2015. This issues paper tries to tease out more detailed information from the WTO-OECD Trade in Value Added (TiVA) database to understand how important services is in APEC economies by analyzing quantitatively the various aspects through which services could contribute to their economies’ exports such as via direct exports as well as indirectly via manufacturing or other services sectors’ exports. Specifically on services’ role in manufacturing, the paper attempts to explore the link between services and manufacturing productivity...

 

APEC

APEC Connectivity Blueprint, Published 2014. This publication combines the two key documents relating to the APEC Connectivity Blueprint, namely:

  • APEC Connectivity Blueprint 2015-2025, which APEC Leaders endorsed during their annual meeting in Beijing in November 2014, and

  • The Report to Implement the APEC Connectivity Blueprint, a document prepared to support the blueprint’s implementation

 

APEC

Final Report: Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project Phase 4 Feasibility Study, December 2014. This Feasibility Study completes the fourth phase of the APEC's Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project. The goal of this study is to provide government officials at the local, provincial, and national levels and stakeholders in San Borja with actionable advice to support their existing plans and initiatives to design, develop and implement a low carbon development path that produces repeatable results and measurable outcomes for San Borja.

 

APEC

Establishing Best Practices on Human Capital Development to Enhance Productivity, Quality, Competitiveness and Innovation among SMEs in Korea, Malaysia, The Philippines and Chinese Taipei, November 2014. This report on “Establishing Best Practices on Human Capital Development to Enhance Productivity, Quality, Competitiveness and Innovation among SMEs is a compilation of experiences on human resource practices from four APEC member economies namely, Korea, Malaysia, The Philippines and Chinese Taipei.

 

APEC

The End of the Postwar? The Abe Government, Okinawa, and Yonaguni Island, December 2014. Yet this paper suggests that all – from one small Okinawan island to the Japanese nation state and the US-Japan relationship – may profitably be considered within a single frame. It rests on the premise that it is profoundly mistaken to think in terms of the “Okinawa Problem” (and “Yonaguni problem”) as distinct, self-contained and therefore relatively minor in significance...

 

APJ

The Secret History of Cannabis in Japan, December 2014. Today Japan has some of the strictest anti-cannabis laws in the world. Punishment for possession is a maximum 5 years behind bars and illicit growers face 7-year sentences. Annually around 2000 people fall foul of these laws - their names splashed on the nightly news and their careers ruined forever. The same prohibition that dishes out these punishments also bans research into medical marijuana, forcing Japanese scientists overseas to conduct their studies.

 

APJ

Japan's Radical Energy Technocrats: Structural Reform Through Smart Communities, the Feed-in Tariff and Japanese-Style “Stadtwerke”, December 2014. Japan’s December 14 general election is essentially a rigged referendum on Abenomics. Despite the dismal economic news, team Abe can hardly lose against the splintered and poorly led opposition parties at the national level. The hapless Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) seems likely to gain some seats; but Abe has defined defeat as the loss of his parliamentary majority, which is simply not going to happen...

 

APJ

MSG Headache, West Papuan Heartache? Indonesia's Melanesian Foray, November 2014. Asia and the Pacific—these two geographic, political and cultural regions encompass entire life-worlds, cosmologies and cultures. Yet Indonesia’s recent enthusiastic outreach to Melanesia indicates an attempt to bridge both the constructed and actual distinctions between them. While the label ‘Asia-Pacific’ may accurately capture Indonesia’s aspirational sphere of influence, it is simultaneously one that many Pacific scholars have resisted, fearing that the cultures and interests of the Pacific are threatened by the hyphen...

 

APJ

Beyond Reality - or - an Illusory Ideal: Pro-Nuclear Japan's Management of Migratory Flows in a Nuclear Catastrophe, November 2014. Three years have passed since the earthquake and consequent tsunami of March 11, 2011, which led to the explosion of a nuclear power plant in Northeastern Japan. Since then, a central concern in managing the damage is how to handle the relocation of people displaced by the destruction of the earthquake-driven tsunami and the dangers of radiation. In December of that year, we wrote up a precise assessment of the damage caused to the housing sector, the system for rehousing victims of the tsunami, and also the nuclear contamination that has spread widely in part of the Fukushima region and neighboring districts...

 

APJ

Gender Equality in Japan: The Equal Employment Opportunity Law Revisited, November 2014. In 2010, Rina Bovrisse, then a 36-year old senior retail manager of Prada Japan, lost her job at the Italian fashion company after she accused the company of harassment and discrimination based on age and physical appearance. After a two-year trial in the Tokyo District Court which ended in October 2012, she also lost her claim to financial compensation of 58 million yen on the grounds of sexual harassment (Asien Spiegel, 2013)...

 

APJ

Transforming Mongolia-Russia-China Relations: The Dushanbe Trilateral Summit, November 2014. The trilateral summit among the presidents of Mongolia, China, and Russia, on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) at Dushanbe, Tajikistan on September 11, 2014, was the culmination of a deliberate summer whirlwind policy blitz of Mongolian President Tsakhia Elbegdorj to position his country to take advantage of deepening Sino-Russian economic relations. Concerned that a “great game” to create a new version of the Eurasian Silk Road was being played out without any Mongolian input...

 

APJ

Martial Law and the Criminalization of Thought in Thailand, October 2014. At 5.30 pm on 17 September 2014, police and soldiers interrupted a lecture on the topic of “Democracy Classroom #2: The Decline of Dictatorship in Other Countries” at Thammasat University in Bangkok. The officials went up to Professor Nidhi Eoseewong, the noted historian and public intellectual who was speaking, and told him to stop and come with them. Three additional scholars (Prajak Kongkirati, Janjira Sombutpoonsiri, and Chaowarit Chaowsangrat) and three student activists from the League of Liberal Thammasat for Democracy (LLTD), which had organized the event, were also arrested...

 

APJ

"Fieldwork" North Korea: Observations of Daily Life on the Ground inside the Country, October 2014. This paper uses observations collected “on the ground” inside North Korea to argue that everyday life matters when researching North Korea and that one method of carrying out such research is to travel there as a tourist...

 

APJ

The Failure of the South Korean National Security State: The Sewol Tragedy in the Age of Neoliberalism, October 2014. The Sewol ferry carrying 476 passengers including a group of high school students on a field trip to Jeju Island capsized on April 16, 2014, and sank to the bottom of the sea off Korea’s southern coast. Most of the crew, including the captain, were rescued by the Korean coast guard. Some of the passengers, who happened to be on the deck or escaped soon after the capsizing, were saved by fishing boats and commercial vessels that came before the ROK Coast Guard or Navy. 304 passengers, however, were trapped inside and drowned...

 

APJ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Janaury, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

International Spillovers of Monetary Policy: US Federal Reserve's Quantitative Easing and Bank of Japan's Quantitative and Qualitative Easing, January 2015. This paper assesses the impact of unconventional United States (US) and Japanese monetary policies on emerging economies, and explores policy coordination issues to promote macroeconomic and financial stability in developed and emerging economies. The paper first considers a theoretical framework that allows us to analyze the impact of one country's monetary policy on other economies. There are two important theoretical predictions. One is that the greater the positive impact of monetary policy easing on a country's real output, the less its beggar-thy-neighbor impact on other countries...

 

ADB

The Impacts of Infrastructure in Development: A Selective Survey, January 2015. Development economists have considered physical infrastructure to be a precondition for industrialization and economic development. Yet, two issues remain to be addressed in the literature. First, while proper identification of the causal effectiveness of infrastructure in reducing poverty is important, experimental evaluation, such as randomized control trials (RCT)-based evaluation, is difficult in the context of large-scale infrastructure...

 

ADB

Rivalry and Cooperation: A New "Great Game" in Myanmar, December 2014. Myanmar since its reform and opening up has become the locus for a new "Great Game" between the world's major powers. This brings with it new challenges for China which has hitherto been the preeminent actor in Myanmar. In response China must further bolster its relations with Myanmar and exploit the divided interests of external powers. At the same time, it must also simultaneously engage in bilateral and multilateral cooperation with other powers to ensure win-win gains. Helping Myanmar achieve political stability, economic development, and social progress should be central to any cooperation. This paper accordingly provides a Chinese perspective of where Myanmar stands on the geopolitical chessboard of the twenty-first century.

 

ISDP

China's Military Reform: Prospects and Challenges, September 2014. This paper examines the military reform thought of China's new collective leadership under Chairman Xi Jinping. The goal of reform is to modernize the military organizational structure by, among other measures, optimizing its structure, promoting a joint operational command system, and improving the coordinated development of both civilian and military sectors. The paper considers the main drivers necessitating military reform before arguing that China faces considerable challenges along the reform path - not least vested interests and outdated concepts - which will have to be overcome.

 

ISDP

Looking Forward: Kazakhstan and the United States, September 2014. Notwithstanding Kazakhstan’s entrance into the Eurasian Economic Union and a growing perception of American disengagement from Central Asia, the major finding of this report is that the strategic objectives of the Republic of Kazakhstan and of the United States today are mutually compatible and even mutually reinforcing. Indeed, each country needs the other in fulfilling its goals. Therefore, this paper argues that, to the greatest extent possible, both sides focus their energies with respect to the other on advancing these commonalities...

 

ISDP

Toward the Transformation of PLA Military Training under Conditions of Informationization, August 2014. In the information era, promoting the transformation from training under conditions of mechanization to training under conditions of informationization is an ongoing and deep evolution in the field of the PLA’s military training. This paper accordingly analyzes the evolution, context, and contents of the PLA's training transformation in the twenty-first century.

 

ISDP

Why Do SMEs Not Borrow More from Banks? Evidence from the People's Republic of China and Southeast Asia, January 2015. This study examines the relationship between firm characteristics and borrowing from commercial banks by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the People's Republic of China (PRC) and five Southeast Asian economies (Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam). Analysis of microdata from enterprise surveys highlights key aspects of SME finance since the global financial crisis, including sources of credit, lender types, and collateral types...

 

ADB

Estimating Dual Deposit Insurance Premium Rates and Forecasting Non-performing Loans: Two New Models, January 2015. Risky banks that endanger the stability of the financial system should pay higher deposit insurance premiums than healthy banks and other financial institutions that have shown good financial performance. It is necessary, therefore, to have at least a dual fair premium rate system...

 

ADB

Background Paper: Research and Development and Extension Services in Agriculture and Food Security, December 2014.
The recent global food crisis exposed the vulnerability of food supply systems, reversed many past achievements in the fight against hunger and malnutrition, and demonstrated the need for continued innovation. In view of the emerging economic, climatic, and political scenarios in the region, this paper explores the role of applied research for development and extension services through the two-pronged approach of boosting food production and preventing losses...

 

ADB

Is India's Long-Term Trend Growth Declining? December 2014.
The recent decline in GDP growth in India raised a debate about whether it is a trend or a business cycle slowdown. The paper finds that the recent growth decline in India has elements of a business cycle and a trend slowdown. The paper observed a cyclical downturn post-global financial crisis due to external and domestic conditions, and that the economy also witnessed a negative shock to trend caused by policy uncertainty...

 

ADB

Fiscal Policy for Inclusive Growth: An Overview, December 2014.
Sustained rapid growth during the past few decades has sharply lifted general living standards across Asia. However, inequality has risen in the region alongside rapid economic growth. The paper argues that rising inequality in developing Asia strengthens the case for a government response, and fiscal policy is one of the most suitable policy instruments to promote a more equitable society that provides opportunities for all. The region has trailed other parts of the world in equity-promoting fiscal expenditures, namely education, health care, and social protection, and thus the region needs to do more...

 

ADB

Fiscal Policy and Inclusive Growth in Advanced Countries: Their Experience and Implications for Asia, December 2014.
As developing Asia explores the more active use of fiscal policy for inclusive purposes, it can learn from the experiences of advanced countries, which suggest that fiscal policy can have a significant effect on inequality. This study seeks to draw relevant lessons from the advanced economies for developing Asia in using fiscal policy to tackle inequality. The experience of the advanced economies clearly shows the sizable equity-promoting potential of fiscal policy. At the same time, developing Asia’s pursuit of more inclusive fiscal policy must not come at the expense of economic growth or fiscal sustainability.

 

ADB

Trans-Pacific Partnership versus Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Control of Membership and Agenda Setting, December 2014. This paper argues that the formation of regional integration frameworks can be best understood as a dominant state’s attempt to create a preferred regional framework in which it can exercise exclusive influence. In this context, it is important to observe not only which countries are included in a regional framework, but also which countries are excluded from it. For example, the distinct feature of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is its exclusion of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), and that of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is its exclusion of the United States...

 

ADB

The ASEAN Economy in the Regional Context: Opportunities, Challenges, and Policy Options, December 2014. This paper suggests that ASEAN needs an ambitious plan for economic integration beyond the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) to achieve its economic development aspirations. As ASEAN designs its post-2015 agenda with a view to strengthening its role as a hub of Asian dynamism, its members need to adopt an appropriate policy mix including deep domestic structural reforms and bold actions to further deepen regional integration—transforming the AEC into a truly borderless economic community...

 

ADB

Hmong Studies Journal, Vol. 15, Issues 1 & 2, 2014  

HSJ

India's New Asia-Pacific Strategy: Modi Acts East, December 2014. The ‘Look East’ policy has been a major part of India’s international engagement since its economic opening in 1991. Having received bipartisan support from successive Indian governments, the policy has evolved from economic and diplomatic engagement with Southeast Asia to broader security and defence ties across the whole Asia-Pacific. In recent years, India has signalled a willingness to play a greater strategic role in the region, deepening links with such partners as Japan, Vietnam, and Australia. The policy has been driven in part by India’s strategy of external balancing against China, but has also been motivated by India’s desire for a greater global role and its rise as a trading nation...

 

Lowy

China's Unpredictable Maritime Security Actor, December 2014. The In this Report, Lowy Institute Nonresident Fellow Linda Jakobson argues that despite Chinese president Xi Jinping’s image as a strongman, China’s approach to maritime security will continue to be shaped by a diverse set of actors pushing their own agendas. Consequently, China’s behaviour will be unpredictable. These actors are taking advantage of Xi’s very broad guidelines, the present nationalistic atmosphere, and fractured authority within China’s decision-making processes to push for maritime policies that benefit them commercially and politically...

 

Lowy

Are We a Top 20 Nation or a Middle Power? Views on Australia's Position in the World, December 2014. Nothing fans the flames of a debate on The Strategist quite like a post that makes assertions about Australia’s place in the world and the role it should have on the international stage. ASPI director Peter Jennings’ recent post on Australia as a ‘top 20’ defence player and deputy director Anthony Bergin’s post on the ‘middle power label’ last year both sparked debates about Australia’s power, position and influence and how it could or should be using it...

 

ASPI

Strike from the Air: The First 100 Days of the Campaign against ISIL, December 2014. This report is the first publication from a continuing, open-source study of the coalition campaign against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). With Australian blood and treasure committed to the efforts of the coalition, it is important for ASPI to provide research and constructive commentary on the campaign...

 

ASPI

Eyes on the Prize? The Philippines-US Alliance and Defense Modernization, December 2014. Julio S. Amador III, Deputy Director-General of the Foreign Service Institute of the Philippines, explains that "The Philippines must not lose sight of the fact that the goal is to achieve credible defense and a sustainable modern military at par with its regional neighbors in ASEAN."

 

EWC

Mongolian Participation in an Upgraded Eurasian Energy and Transport Grid, December 2014. Alicia Campi, President of the US-Mongolia Advisory Group, explains that "[Mongolia] needs to expand transport infrastructure for its rich minerals to reach new Asian trade partners, so it is pursuing its own long-range strategy, to maximize benefit from and minimize the dangers of rapprochement between its two giant neighbors."

 

EWC

The United States: Still Singapore's Indispensable Partner? December 2014. See Seng Tan, Deputy Director of the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies in Singapore, explains that "despite Singapore's proclivity to hedge, the United States remains the city-state's default security choice should things go horribly wrong and well beyond the ability of Singapore's armed forces to manage."

 

EWC

Time to Get Serious about Regional Institution-Building in Asia, December 2014. Kuniko Ashizawa, Adjunct Professor in the School of International Service at American University, explains that "Strong and inclusive regional institutions are key to a stable Asia, which Washington, in the face of multiple challenges across the globe, now desperately needs."

 

EWC

Australia and the Importance of Being Global, December 2014. Andrew O’Neil, Head of the School of Government at Griffith University, Australia, explains that "Australia has no choice but to be globally engaged in order to safeguard its national interests in the long term and achieve the external recognition it desires on the world stage."

 

EWC

China's Grand Strategy is not Absent, Just Contradictory, December 2014. Denny Roy, Senior Fellow at the East-West Center, explains that "Most Chinese do not now aspire to superpower status, not wishing for themselves the difficulties they see beset an America that tries to be the world's fire brigade and police force."

 

EWC

Seaborne Trade between South Asia and Southeast Asia, December 2014. This paper examines the seaports responsible for handling the majority of trade around the Bay of Bengal and identifies the projects that will enable trade and contribute to improving maritime infrastructure. It reviews the nature, potential evolution, and primary types of maritime trade around the bay, and analyzes the ships carrying that trade. It also reviews the potential changes that would have a significant impact on trade patterns, with special consideration of the Indian East Coast Corridor study...

 

ADB

India's Emerging Connectivity with Southeast Asia: Progress and Prospects, December 2014. This paper presents India's broad proposals on connectivity projects with Southeast Asia and policy recommendations to strengthen connectivity throughout Asia, in particular between India and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Enhancing connectivity between South and Southeast Asia is a multifaceted task that will require the implementation of strong policy initiatives. Development of connectivity in Southeast Asia and South Asia will bring significant opportunities for industrial development in India and trade potential with South and East Asian countries...

 

ADB

Myanmar: The Key Link between South Asia and Southeast Asia, December 2014. This paper examines the road and railway links in Myanmar connecting northeast India on the one side with the rest of Southeast Asia on the other. It also discusses the importance of new deep-sea ports in creating alternative shipping routes, essential for Myanmar's international links. It also reviews the country's external trade patterns, and analyzes issues related to trade facilitation, exchange rate policy, financial sector reform, and private sector development...

 

ADB

Assessment of Verification Testing Capacity in the APEC Region and Identification of Cost Effective Options for Collaboration, November 2014. This project continues an earlier (2012) APEC program Survey of Market Compliance Mechanisms for Energy Efficiency Programs in APEC Economies. It supports the development of successful market surveillance Monitoring, Verification and Enforcement (MV&E) regimes for the implementation of Standards and Labeling (S&L) policies in the APEC economies. MV&E is important since it plays an essential role in ensuring that the intended energy savings delivered by S&L are achieved.

 

APEC

APEC Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Promotion through Eco-Point Program (LCMT-EPP), November 2014. The final report for “APEC Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Promotion through Eco-Point Program (LCMT-EPP)” contains all studies and process contents such as the project background, data collection and assessment of EPP program via desk reviews, public consultation; focus group meeting, EPP forum and dissemination results, development process and the finalization of APEC EPP Guideline, development process and the finalized SAMUI EPP Guideline and Roadmap. It also presents the APEC Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Promotion through Eco-Point Program (LCMT-EPP) activities for guideline developments.

 

APEC

APEC Low-Carbon Model Town Energy Management System Development and Application Research, Published 2013. This project emphasizes on the following: field research on different stages of low-carbon town energy produce, energy transmission and storage, distribution as well as energy consumption, systematic summary and research on Energy Internet, energy management system storage technology; methods of constantly optimizing integrated planning, design and layout of energy, and sharing collected cases and materials with APEC economies in this report.

 

APEC

Policy Practice and Technology Applications - Experiences on Low Carbon Emission Operations in Chinese Taipei, November 2014. The project aims to cultivate the energy conservation culture in APEC community. Through introducing Chinese Taipei’s policy and technology practices, conducting field verification in Thailand to examine the effectiveness to other economies and lastly, gathering knowledge and ideas from international experts, the project is expected to deliver feasible policy suggestion and industrial application models as the reference for APEC economies to implement low carbon emission operations.

 

APEC

Nearly (Net) Zero Energy Building, November 2014. This report looks at how the existing experiences and best practices of NZEB can be shared among the APEC region, benefiting both the new building construct work and existing building retrofit work in both developed and developing economies.

 

APEC

APEC Guidebook on Quality of Infrastructure Development and Investment, November 2014. This Guidebook shares further details of these common recognitions with government officials and other stakeholders in the APEC economies that are engaged in infrastructure development and investment, so that such common recognitions are actually applied to projects.

 

APEC

Supporting Continued Growth in Trade and Facilitation: End to End Review of the APEC Business Travel Card Scheme Final Report, October 2014. This report lays out the findings of this study, based on data and feedback gathered by the research team through interviews with a variety of administrative body and industry stakeholders in 11 economies, a survey of stakeholders across all 21 economies, APEC Business Mobility Group (BMG) discussions at the 2014 SOM 3 meeting, and a review of relevant documents produced by APEC and the BMG member economies.

 

APEC

An Appeal from Okinawa to the US Congress - Futenma Marine Base Relocation and its Environmental Impact: U.S. Responsibility, September 2014. Much has been written on this site on recent developments in the long-running saga over the U.S. and Japanese governments’ plan to construct a U.S. military air base, the Futenma Replacement Facility (FRF), in Henoko, Okinawa, Japan (Henoko plan). On July 1, 2014, 17 years after the plan was first conceived, the Okinawa Defense Bureau (the government of Japan) started the “construction phase” amid protest from local citizens and municipal governments. Just over a month later, on August 14, the U.S. Congressional Research Service released a report, The U.S. Military Presence in Okinawa and the Futenma Base Controversy (the CRS Report)...

 

APJ

Police Surveillance of Muslims and Human Rights in Japan, September 2014. In societies governed by the rule of law, what limitations should apply to police surveillance? What protections should be accorded to religious and ethnic minorities who may be subject to police profiling? Does police profiling of members of minority groups unfairly discriminate against them or violate fundamental rights such as the right to privacy or to practice religion? Questions like these are at the heart of ongoing litigation in Tokyo concerning police surveillance of Japan’s Muslim community...

 

APJ

A New Japanese Miracle? Its Hamstrung Feed-in Tariff Actually Works, September 2014. Reeling from history’s biggest double-blow of natural and nuclear disasters, post 3-11 Japan seemed poised to lead the world’s accelerating turn to radical efficiency and renewable energy (the latter accounted for 56% of net additions to global power capacity in 2013).1 After 3-11, then-Prime Minister Kan Naoto quickly initiated regulatory shackles on the country’s nuclear capacity and implemented a feed-in tariff (FIT)...

 

APJ

Japan's Secrecy Law and International Standards, September 2014. In the following article, two distinguished experts affiliated with the Open Society Institute examine key aspects of Japan’s 2013 “Specially Designated Secrets Protection Act.” (“SDS”) They are concerned with two central problems: defects in the process that led to adoption of the SDS, and shortcomings in the text of the law itself...

 

APJ

Sōka Gakkai Founder, Makiguchi Tsunesaburō, A Man of Peace? September 2014. Readers familiar with my research will know that its focus has been on the wartime actions and statements of Japan’s institutional Buddhist leaders, most especially those affiliated with the Zen school. Nearly to a man, their actions and statements were strongly supportive of Japanese aggression and imperialist actions. In the postwar era many of these same Zen leaders played a seminal role in the introduction of Zen to the West...

 

APJ

The US 'Pivot to Asia', the China Spectre and the Australian-American Alliance, September 2014. Obama’s ‘Pivot to Asia’ in response to the resurgence of Chinese power has undergone significant developments since it was first announced in November 2011. Not least has been the emergence of Australia as a central part of Washington’s plans to strengthen American influence and military reach across the Asia-Pacific. While elite and popular support for the US alliance in Australia persists, public opinion polls indicate possible cleavages for challenging the status quo...

 

APJ

The Myth of the "Pacifist" Japanese Constitution, September 2014. In 1947, two years after its unconditional surrender, Japan adopted a new constitution. This constitution has attracted great interest over the years, mostly due to its famous Article 9, which even was recently nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize. This constitution has increasingly become known as a symbol of pacifist ideals and has given rise to extensive local and international discourse since its establishment...

 

APJ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

  

 
 

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