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We index full-text journals with open access platforms in our NEW Asia-Studies Full-Text Plus section. Here is the list of journals available.

 
 

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

 
 

Janaury, 2015 Current Topics

 

Source

 

 

 

 

International Spillovers of Monetary Policy: US Federal Reserve's Quantitative Easing and Bank of Japan's Quantitative and Qualitative Easing, January 2015. This paper assesses the impact of unconventional United States (US) and Japanese monetary policies on emerging economies, and explores policy coordination issues to promote macroeconomic and financial stability in developed and emerging economies. The paper first considers a theoretical framework that allows us to analyze the impact of one country's monetary policy on other economies. There are two important theoretical predictions. One is that the greater the positive impact of monetary policy easing on a country's real output, the less its beggar-thy-neighbor impact on other countries...

 

ADB

The Impacts of Infrastructure in Development: A Selective Survey, January 2015. Development economists have considered physical infrastructure to be a precondition for industrialization and economic development. Yet, two issues remain to be addressed in the literature. First, while proper identification of the causal effectiveness of infrastructure in reducing poverty is important, experimental evaluation, such as randomized control trials (RCT)-based evaluation, is difficult in the context of large-scale infrastructure...

 

ADB

Rivalry and Cooperation: A New "Great Game" in Myanmar, December 2014. Myanmar since its reform and opening up has become the locus for a new "Great Game" between the world's major powers. This brings with it new challenges for China which has hitherto been the preeminent actor in Myanmar. In response China must further bolster its relations with Myanmar and exploit the divided interests of external powers. At the same time, it must also simultaneously engage in bilateral and multilateral cooperation with other powers to ensure win-win gains. Helping Myanmar achieve political stability, economic development, and social progress should be central to any cooperation. This paper accordingly provides a Chinese perspective of where Myanmar stands on the geopolitical chessboard of the twenty-first century.

 

ISDP

China's Military Reform: Prospects and Challenges, September 2014. This paper examines the military reform thought of China's new collective leadership under Chairman Xi Jinping. The goal of reform is to modernize the military organizational structure by, among other measures, optimizing its structure, promoting a joint operational command system, and improving the coordinated development of both civilian and military sectors. The paper considers the main drivers necessitating military reform before arguing that China faces considerable challenges along the reform path - not least vested interests and outdated concepts - which will have to be overcome.

 

ISDP

Looking Forward: Kazakhstan and the United States, September 2014. Notwithstanding Kazakhstan’s entrance into the Eurasian Economic Union and a growing perception of American disengagement from Central Asia, the major finding of this report is that the strategic objectives of the Republic of Kazakhstan and of the United States today are mutually compatible and even mutually reinforcing. Indeed, each country needs the other in fulfilling its goals. Therefore, this paper argues that, to the greatest extent possible, both sides focus their energies with respect to the other on advancing these commonalities...

 

ISDP

Toward the Transformation of PLA Military Training under Conditions of Informationization, August 2014. In the information era, promoting the transformation from training under conditions of mechanization to training under conditions of informationization is an ongoing and deep evolution in the field of the PLA’s military training. This paper accordingly analyzes the evolution, context, and contents of the PLA's training transformation in the twenty-first century.

 

ISDP

Why Do SMEs Not Borrow More from Banks? Evidence from the People's Republic of China and Southeast Asia, January 2015. This study examines the relationship between firm characteristics and borrowing from commercial banks by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the People's Republic of China (PRC) and five Southeast Asian economies (Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam). Analysis of microdata from enterprise surveys highlights key aspects of SME finance since the global financial crisis, including sources of credit, lender types, and collateral types...

 

ADB

Estimating Dual Deposit Insurance Premium Rates and Forecasting Non-performing Loans: Two New Models, January 2015. Risky banks that endanger the stability of the financial system should pay higher deposit insurance premiums than healthy banks and other financial institutions that have shown good financial performance. It is necessary, therefore, to have at least a dual fair premium rate system...

 

ADB

Background Paper: Research and Development and Extension Services in Agriculture and Food Security, December 2014.
The recent global food crisis exposed the vulnerability of food supply systems, reversed many past achievements in the fight against hunger and malnutrition, and demonstrated the need for continued innovation. In view of the emerging economic, climatic, and political scenarios in the region, this paper explores the role of applied research for development and extension services through the two-pronged approach of boosting food production and preventing losses...

 

ADB

Is India's Long-Term Trend Growth Declining? December 2014.
The recent decline in GDP growth in India raised a debate about whether it is a trend or a business cycle slowdown. The paper finds that the recent growth decline in India has elements of a business cycle and a trend slowdown. The paper observed a cyclical downturn post-global financial crisis due to external and domestic conditions, and that the economy also witnessed a negative shock to trend caused by policy uncertainty...

 

ADB

Fiscal Policy for Inclusive Growth: An Overview, December 2014.
Sustained rapid growth during the past few decades has sharply lifted general living standards across Asia. However, inequality has risen in the region alongside rapid economic growth. The paper argues that rising inequality in developing Asia strengthens the case for a government response, and fiscal policy is one of the most suitable policy instruments to promote a more equitable society that provides opportunities for all. The region has trailed other parts of the world in equity-promoting fiscal expenditures, namely education, health care, and social protection, and thus the region needs to do more...

 

ADB

Fiscal Policy and Inclusive Growth in Advanced Countries: Their Experience and Implications for Asia, December 2014.
As developing Asia explores the more active use of fiscal policy for inclusive purposes, it can learn from the experiences of advanced countries, which suggest that fiscal policy can have a significant effect on inequality. This study seeks to draw relevant lessons from the advanced economies for developing Asia in using fiscal policy to tackle inequality. The experience of the advanced economies clearly shows the sizable equity-promoting potential of fiscal policy. At the same time, developing Asia’s pursuit of more inclusive fiscal policy must not come at the expense of economic growth or fiscal sustainability.

 

ADB

Trans-Pacific Partnership versus Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Control of Membership and Agenda Setting, December 2014. This paper argues that the formation of regional integration frameworks can be best understood as a dominant state’s attempt to create a preferred regional framework in which it can exercise exclusive influence. In this context, it is important to observe not only which countries are included in a regional framework, but also which countries are excluded from it. For example, the distinct feature of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is its exclusion of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), and that of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is its exclusion of the United States...

 

ADB

The ASEAN Economy in the Regional Context: Opportunities, Challenges, and Policy Options, December 2014. This paper suggests that ASEAN needs an ambitious plan for economic integration beyond the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) to achieve its economic development aspirations. As ASEAN designs its post-2015 agenda with a view to strengthening its role as a hub of Asian dynamism, its members need to adopt an appropriate policy mix including deep domestic structural reforms and bold actions to further deepen regional integration—transforming the AEC into a truly borderless economic community...

 

ADB

Hmong Studies Journal, Vol. 15, Issues 1 & 2, 2014  

HSJ

India's New Asia-Pacific Strategy: Modi Acts East, December 2014. The ‘Look East’ policy has been a major part of India’s international engagement since its economic opening in 1991. Having received bipartisan support from successive Indian governments, the policy has evolved from economic and diplomatic engagement with Southeast Asia to broader security and defence ties across the whole Asia-Pacific. In recent years, India has signalled a willingness to play a greater strategic role in the region, deepening links with such partners as Japan, Vietnam, and Australia. The policy has been driven in part by India’s strategy of external balancing against China, but has also been motivated by India’s desire for a greater global role and its rise as a trading nation...

 

Lowy

China's Unpredictable Maritime Security Actor, December 2014. The In this Report, Lowy Institute Nonresident Fellow Linda Jakobson argues that despite Chinese president Xi Jinping’s image as a strongman, China’s approach to maritime security will continue to be shaped by a diverse set of actors pushing their own agendas. Consequently, China’s behaviour will be unpredictable. These actors are taking advantage of Xi’s very broad guidelines, the present nationalistic atmosphere, and fractured authority within China’s decision-making processes to push for maritime policies that benefit them commercially and politically...

 

Lowy

Are We a Top 20 Nation or a Middle Power? Views on Australia's Position in the World, December 2014. Nothing fans the flames of a debate on The Strategist quite like a post that makes assertions about Australia’s place in the world and the role it should have on the international stage. ASPI director Peter Jennings’ recent post on Australia as a ‘top 20’ defence player and deputy director Anthony Bergin’s post on the ‘middle power label’ last year both sparked debates about Australia’s power, position and influence and how it could or should be using it...

 

ASPI

Strike from the Air: The First 100 Days of the Campaign against ISIL, December 2014. This report is the first publication from a continuing, open-source study of the coalition campaign against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). With Australian blood and treasure committed to the efforts of the coalition, it is important for ASPI to provide research and constructive commentary on the campaign...

 

ASPI

Eyes on the Prize? The Philippines-US Alliance and Defense Modernization, December 2014. Julio S. Amador III, Deputy Director-General of the Foreign Service Institute of the Philippines, explains that "The Philippines must not lose sight of the fact that the goal is to achieve credible defense and a sustainable modern military at par with its regional neighbors in ASEAN."

 

EWC

Mongolian Participation in an Upgraded Eurasian Energy and Transport Grid, December 2014. Alicia Campi, President of the US-Mongolia Advisory Group, explains that "[Mongolia] needs to expand transport infrastructure for its rich minerals to reach new Asian trade partners, so it is pursuing its own long-range strategy, to maximize benefit from and minimize the dangers of rapprochement between its two giant neighbors."

 

EWC

The United States: Still Singapore's Indispensable Partner? December 2014. See Seng Tan, Deputy Director of the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies in Singapore, explains that "despite Singapore's proclivity to hedge, the United States remains the city-state's default security choice should things go horribly wrong and well beyond the ability of Singapore's armed forces to manage."

 

EWC

Time to Get Serious about Regional Institution-Building in Asia, December 2014. Kuniko Ashizawa, Adjunct Professor in the School of International Service at American University, explains that "Strong and inclusive regional institutions are key to a stable Asia, which Washington, in the face of multiple challenges across the globe, now desperately needs."

 

EWC

Australia and the Importance of Being Global, December 2014. Andrew O’Neil, Head of the School of Government at Griffith University, Australia, explains that "Australia has no choice but to be globally engaged in order to safeguard its national interests in the long term and achieve the external recognition it desires on the world stage."

 

EWC

China's Grand Strategy is not Absent, Just Contradictory, December 2014. Denny Roy, Senior Fellow at the East-West Center, explains that "Most Chinese do not now aspire to superpower status, not wishing for themselves the difficulties they see beset an America that tries to be the world's fire brigade and police force."

 

EWC

Seaborne Trade between South Asia and Southeast Asia, December 2014. This paper examines the seaports responsible for handling the majority of trade around the Bay of Bengal and identifies the projects that will enable trade and contribute to improving maritime infrastructure. It reviews the nature, potential evolution, and primary types of maritime trade around the bay, and analyzes the ships carrying that trade. It also reviews the potential changes that would have a significant impact on trade patterns, with special consideration of the Indian East Coast Corridor study...

 

ADB

India's Emerging Connectivity with Southeast Asia: Progress and Prospects, December 2014. This paper presents India's broad proposals on connectivity projects with Southeast Asia and policy recommendations to strengthen connectivity throughout Asia, in particular between India and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Enhancing connectivity between South and Southeast Asia is a multifaceted task that will require the implementation of strong policy initiatives. Development of connectivity in Southeast Asia and South Asia will bring significant opportunities for industrial development in India and trade potential with South and East Asian countries...

 

ADB

Myanmar: The Key Link between South Asia and Southeast Asia, December 2014. This paper examines the road and railway links in Myanmar connecting northeast India on the one side with the rest of Southeast Asia on the other. It also discusses the importance of new deep-sea ports in creating alternative shipping routes, essential for Myanmar's international links. It also reviews the country's external trade patterns, and analyzes issues related to trade facilitation, exchange rate policy, financial sector reform, and private sector development...

 

ADB

Assessment of Verification Testing Capacity in the APEC Region and Identification of Cost Effective Options for Collaboration, November 2014. This project continues an earlier (2012) APEC program Survey of Market Compliance Mechanisms for Energy Efficiency Programs in APEC Economies. It supports the development of successful market surveillance Monitoring, Verification and Enforcement (MV&E) regimes for the implementation of Standards and Labeling (S&L) policies in the APEC economies. MV&E is important since it plays an essential role in ensuring that the intended energy savings delivered by S&L are achieved.

 

APEC

APEC Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Promotion through Eco-Point Program (LCMT-EPP), November 2014. The final report for “APEC Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Promotion through Eco-Point Program (LCMT-EPP)” contains all studies and process contents such as the project background, data collection and assessment of EPP program via desk reviews, public consultation; focus group meeting, EPP forum and dissemination results, development process and the finalization of APEC EPP Guideline, development process and the finalized SAMUI EPP Guideline and Roadmap. It also presents the APEC Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Promotion through Eco-Point Program (LCMT-EPP) activities for guideline developments.

 

APEC

APEC Low-Carbon Model Town Energy Management System Development and Application Research, Published 2013. This project emphasizes on the following: field research on different stages of low-carbon town energy produce, energy transmission and storage, distribution as well as energy consumption, systematic summary and research on Energy Internet, energy management system storage technology; methods of constantly optimizing integrated planning, design and layout of energy, and sharing collected cases and materials with APEC economies in this report.

 

APEC

Policy Practice and Technology Applications - Experiences on Low Carbon Emission Operations in Chinese Taipei, November 2014. The project aims to cultivate the energy conservation culture in APEC community. Through introducing Chinese Taipei’s policy and technology practices, conducting field verification in Thailand to examine the effectiveness to other economies and lastly, gathering knowledge and ideas from international experts, the project is expected to deliver feasible policy suggestion and industrial application models as the reference for APEC economies to implement low carbon emission operations.

 

APEC

Nearly (Net) Zero Energy Building, November 2014. This report looks at how the existing experiences and best practices of NZEB can be shared among the APEC region, benefiting both the new building construct work and existing building retrofit work in both developed and developing economies.

 

APEC

APEC Guidebook on Quality of Infrastructure Development and Investment, November 2014. This Guidebook shares further details of these common recognitions with government officials and other stakeholders in the APEC economies that are engaged in infrastructure development and investment, so that such common recognitions are actually applied to projects.

 

APEC

Supporting Continued Growth in Trade and Facilitation: End to End Review of the APEC Business Travel Card Scheme Final Report, October 2014. This report lays out the findings of this study, based on data and feedback gathered by the research team through interviews with a variety of administrative body and industry stakeholders in 11 economies, a survey of stakeholders across all 21 economies, APEC Business Mobility Group (BMG) discussions at the 2014 SOM 3 meeting, and a review of relevant documents produced by APEC and the BMG member economies.

 

APEC

An Appeal from Okinawa to the US Congress - Futenma Marine Base Relocation and its Environmental Impact: U.S. Responsibility, September 2014. Much has been written on this site on recent developments in the long-running saga over the U.S. and Japanese governments’ plan to construct a U.S. military air base, the Futenma Replacement Facility (FRF), in Henoko, Okinawa, Japan (Henoko plan). On July 1, 2014, 17 years after the plan was first conceived, the Okinawa Defense Bureau (the government of Japan) started the “construction phase” amid protest from local citizens and municipal governments. Just over a month later, on August 14, the U.S. Congressional Research Service released a report, The U.S. Military Presence in Okinawa and the Futenma Base Controversy (the CRS Report)...

 

APJ

Police Surveillance of Muslims and Human Rights in Japan, September 2014. In societies governed by the rule of law, what limitations should apply to police surveillance? What protections should be accorded to religious and ethnic minorities who may be subject to police profiling? Does police profiling of members of minority groups unfairly discriminate against them or violate fundamental rights such as the right to privacy or to practice religion? Questions like these are at the heart of ongoing litigation in Tokyo concerning police surveillance of Japan’s Muslim community...

 

APJ

A New Japanese Miracle? Its Hamstrung Feed-in Tariff Actually Works, September 2014. Reeling from history’s biggest double-blow of natural and nuclear disasters, post 3-11 Japan seemed poised to lead the world’s accelerating turn to radical efficiency and renewable energy (the latter accounted for 56% of net additions to global power capacity in 2013).1 After 3-11, then-Prime Minister Kan Naoto quickly initiated regulatory shackles on the country’s nuclear capacity and implemented a feed-in tariff (FIT)...

 

APJ

Japan's Secrecy Law and International Standards, September 2014. In the following article, two distinguished experts affiliated with the Open Society Institute examine key aspects of Japan’s 2013 “Specially Designated Secrets Protection Act.” (“SDS”) They are concerned with two central problems: defects in the process that led to adoption of the SDS, and shortcomings in the text of the law itself...

 

APJ

Sōka Gakkai Founder, Makiguchi Tsunesaburō, A Man of Peace? September 2014. Readers familiar with my research will know that its focus has been on the wartime actions and statements of Japan’s institutional Buddhist leaders, most especially those affiliated with the Zen school. Nearly to a man, their actions and statements were strongly supportive of Japanese aggression and imperialist actions. In the postwar era many of these same Zen leaders played a seminal role in the introduction of Zen to the West...

 

APJ

The US 'Pivot to Asia', the China Spectre and the Australian-American Alliance, September 2014. Obama’s ‘Pivot to Asia’ in response to the resurgence of Chinese power has undergone significant developments since it was first announced in November 2011. Not least has been the emergence of Australia as a central part of Washington’s plans to strengthen American influence and military reach across the Asia-Pacific. While elite and popular support for the US alliance in Australia persists, public opinion polls indicate possible cleavages for challenging the status quo...

 

APJ

The Myth of the "Pacifist" Japanese Constitution, September 2014. In 1947, two years after its unconditional surrender, Japan adopted a new constitution. This constitution has attracted great interest over the years, mostly due to its famous Article 9, which even was recently nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize. This constitution has increasingly become known as a symbol of pacifist ideals and has given rise to extensive local and international discourse since its establishment...

 

APJ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

Institute of Southeast Asian Studies - Trends in Southeast Asia 2014
#05: Vietnam: Straddling Southeast Asia's Divide
#06: The South China Sea and China-ASEAN Relations
#07: China's Economic Engagement With Southeast Asia: Singapore
#08: Johor Survey: Attitudes Towards Governance and Economy,
       Iskandar Malaysia, and Singapore
#09: Establishing Infrastructure Projects: Priorities for Myanmar's
       Industrial Development - Part I: The Role of the Private Sector
#10: Establishing Infrastructure Projects: Priorities for Myanmar's
       Industrial Development - Part II: The Role of the State

 

ISEAS

Expanding Alliance: ANZUS Cooperation and Asia–Pacific Security, December 2014. The alliance between Australia and the US, underpinned by the formal ANZUS Treaty of 1951, continues to be a central part of Australian defence and security thinking and an instrument of American policy in the Asia–Pacific. How is it that an alliance conceived as a bulwark against a resurgence of Japanese militarism and which cut its military and intelligence teeth in the Cold War is still relevant to today’s strategic concerns?...

 

ASPI

Preserving the Knowledge Edge: Surveillance Cooperation and the US–Australia Alliance in Asia, December 2014. The US–Australia alliance is the bedrock of Australia’s defence policy. Successive governments have looked to the alliance for access to military technology, intelligence and training, as well as a promise of support against direct threats to Australia. However, Australia, the US and other regional allies today face a rapidly changing strategic environment in the Indo-Pacific. The American ‘rebalance’ to Asia represents recognition by the US that it needs to give greater priority to its management of the changing balance—an effort firmly endorsed by President Obama in his address at the University of Queensland...

 

ASPI

Waves of Opportunity: Enhancing Australia-Indonesia Maritime Security Cooperation. November 2014. Maritime security cooperation between Australia and Indonesia is important because of our geographical proximity and common interests. With recently-installed President Joko Widodo proclaiming Indonesia as the ‘World Maritime Axis’, there’s great momentum for Australia and Indonesia to enhance maritime security cooperation. This paper looks at ways to enhance cooperation through: more interaction between policymakers; facilitating greater integration among the agencies responsible for maritime security cooperation; national and regional capacity-building, and cooperative and collective maritime domain awareness.

 

ASPI

China, the G20 and Global Economic Governance, November 2014. At the closing of the 2014 G20 Brisbane Summit, the presidency of the 2016 G20 was awarded to China. This is the first time China will chair the world’s ‘premier forum for economic cooperation’. Yet the G20 is just one way that China, now the world’s largest economy on purchasing power parity terms, may seek to shape global economic governance. China is both seeking changes to the ‘traditional’ global economic governance model, centred upon the Bretton Woods Institutions, and experimenting with new processes such as the BRICS forum and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank...

 

Lowy

Defence Challenges 2035: Securing Australia's Lifelines, November 2014. As the Australian government prepares a new white paper to guide the country’s defence planning to 2035, the burden of strategic risk on Australia’s national interests is increasing. Those interests are extensive and face a widening range of risks, from coercion or conflict in Asia to resurgent terrorism and aggression in other parts of the globe. Australia’s region is becoming more central to global power balances and strategic tensions. Power balances are changing with China’s rise, and this will encourage risk-taking...

 

Lowy

The Declining Share of Agricultural Employment in the People's Republic of China: How Fast? November 2014. Rapid economic growth has long been viewed by the PRC’s policymakers as the most powerful antidote to reform-induced job loss. For an economy that needs about 10 million new jobs each year to keep its urban unemployment rate constant, any growth slowdown is a major concern...

 

ADB

The People's Republic of China’s Potential Growth Rate: The Long-Run Constraints. This paper assesses the trajectory of the People's Republic of China's (PRC’s) potential growth rate during the last 30 years in order to understand the policy dilemmas that the PRC’s policymakers face. It evaluates the relevance of various possible constraints that may limit the country’s growth in the future, focusing on the effects of the slowdown in working-age population growth and on the long-term constraint imposed by the balance of payments equilibrium. It also devotes special attention to the role played by structural change, and assesses the implications of the increasing importance of the services sector for the PRC’s future growth.

 

ADB

Cambodia: Diversifying Beyond Garments and Tourism, November 2014. Cambodia has enjoyed over 2 decades of robust growth, with rising foreign investment and deepening integration into global and regional value chains. The country—once riven by civil war and conflict—is now politically stable and increasingly making its mark as the world’s eighth-largest rice producer, Asia’s 10th largest garment exporter, and a rising tourist destination. Yet Cambodia faces considerable challenges. It suffers from major infrastructure deficits; limited skills development and education quality; and weaknesses in governance. Fiscal resources are also stretched. Moreover, for a successful transition to a modern industrialized economy, Cambodia needs to diversify and upgrade its productive capabilities

 

ADB

Pacific Economic Monitor, December 2014. Robust revenue collections in smaller Pacific economies - Rising rates under a regional vessel day scheme continue to support strong fishing license revenues in Kiribati, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, and Tuvalu. Increased economic activity and improved compliance are also pushing tax revenue collections higher in Fiji, Palau, Tonga, and Vanuatu...

 

ADB

Middle-Income Transitions: Trap or Myth? November 2014. The historical evidence presented in this paper indicates that economies move up across income groups. Historically, it has taken a “typical” economy 55 years to graduate from lower-middle income to upper-middle income. Likewise, the authors find that, historically, it has taken 15 years for an economy to graduate from upper-middle income to high income. The analysis implies that as of 2013, there were 10 (out of 39) lower-middle-income economies and 4 (out of 15) upper-middle-income economies that were experiencing slow transitions, i.e., above 55 and 15 years, respectively.

 

ADB

Manufacturing Matters... But It’s the Jobs That Count, November 2014. Practically every economy that enjoys a high income today experienced a manufacturing employment share in excess of 18%-20% sometime since the 1970s. This paper finds that the maximum expected employment share for a typical economy has fallen to around 13%-15%, and high manufacturing employment shares are becoming more difficult to sustain as incomes rise.

 

ADB

Hometown Investment Trust Funds: An Analysis of Credit Risk, November 2014. In Asia, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) account for a major share of employment and dominate the economy. Asian economies are often characterized as having bank-dominated financial systems and underdeveloped capital markets, in particular venture capital markets. Hence, looking for new methods of financing for SMEs is crucial. Hometown investment trust funds (HIT) are a new form of financial intermediation that has now been adopted as a national strategy in Japan...

 

ADB

Enabling GrEEEn Cities: An Operational Framework for Integrated Urban Development in Southeast Asia, November 2014. The paper presents a “model” for integrated urban development and environment planning that was developed to take the “3E” strategies of economic competitiveness, environmental sustainability, and equity, from theory to practice in Southeast Asia, under the regional technical assistance (TA) Green Cities: A Sustainable Urban Future in Southeast Asia, and based on simultaneous learning from sector work on green cities in Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam...

 

ADB

Russia Plays a Pragmatic Game on the Chinese Chess Board During APEC and EAS, November 2014. Vitaly Kozyrev, Visiting Fellow at the East-West Center in Washington, writes, "It seems that Moscow draws a line between its strategic competition with the U.S. in the European theater and in Asia, where the Kremlin seeks to prevent the monopolization of its foreign policy by China."

 

EWC

Shinzo Abe's Struggle in the Indian Ocean Region, November 2014. Tomoko Kiyota, Resident Sasakawa Peace Foundation Fellow at Pacific Forum CSIS, explains that "Shinzo Abe's strategy in the Indian Ocean region and South Asia seems to be a good way to offset the stagnation of Japan's diplomacy in East Asia. His success will depend on whether the Japanese people can understand his goals and how cooperative they are."

 

EWC

India's Joint Andaman and Nicobar Command is a Failed Experiment, November 2014. Anit Mukherjee, Assistant Professor at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, explains that "Not only has [the Andaman and Nicobar Joint Command] failed to usher in more joint commands, but the experience might be cited by those within the military community who are opposed to [such cooperation]."

 

EWC

Modi's Canberra Visit: Continuing the Momentum, November 2014. Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan, Senior Fellow at the Observer Research Foundation in New Delhi, explains that "there is a new outlook on bilateral relations, with a growing bipartisan support emerging in Australia for closer ties with India and New Delhi shedding its old thinking about Canberra as an appendage to Washington."

 

EWC

Modi Meets Abbott: A New Start for Australia-India Relations? November 2014. Ian Hall, Senior Fellow in the Department of International Relations at The Australian National University, explains that "Modi's impending visit presents an opportunity to put some momentum back into a 'strategic partnership' that has drifted for some years. If nothing else, it will highlight how Australia has changed and the growing intensity of people-to-people ties with India."

 

EWC

Myanmar: Taking the Long View, November 2014. Priscilla Clapp, former US Charge d'Affaires in Rangoon, explains that "A return to sanctions and punitive policies would limit US influence on the government just at the time when we have a unique array of policy measures and channels of communication for assisting and guiding the transition forward."

 

EWC

Asian Economic Integration Monitor, November 2014. The Asian Economic Integration Monitor is a semiannual review of Asia’s regional economic cooperation and integration. It covers the 48 regional members of the Asian Development Bank. The external recovery has been tentative this year after G3 economic growth slipped during the first half—the better US growth outlook has yet to benefit Asia, there is some uncertainty over Japan’s prospects, and the eurozone economy continues to struggle...

 

ADB

Do Governance Indicators Explain Development Performance? A Cross-Country Analysis, November 2014. Developing Asian countries with a surplus in government effectiveness, political stability, regulatory quality, and corruption control are observed to grow faster than those with a deficit in these indicators...

 

ADB

Fiscal Resources for Inclusive Growth, November 2014. To expand relatively low fiscal resource bases, developing Asian economies need to pay greater attention to non-tax revenue and to taxes other than broad-based taxes on income and consumption, such as property taxes and corrective taxes...

 

ADB

Government Spending and Inclusive Growth in Developing Asia, November 2014. Compared with revenue policies, spending programs are more likely to have direct effects on specific groups. It would be meaningful to discuss whether and/or how government expenditures contribute to economic growth while alleviating income inequality and maintaining social cohesion...

 

ADB

Are Current Tax and Spending Regimes Sustainable in Developing Asia? November 2014. Changes in population age structure matter for public finances because the beneficiaries of public programs are primarily children and the elderly. This study projects government spending on education, health care, and social protection in developing Asia up to 2050 as a result of demographic changes and economic growth...

 

ADB

Benefit Incidence of Public Transfers: Evidence from the People's Republic of China, November 2014. Three decades of virtually uninterrupted hyper economic growth have propelled the People’s Republic of China into the ranks of middle-income countries. However, this period of expansion in the economy has been accompanied by an equally rapid increase in levels of inequality in society...

 

ADB

Trade Policy Challenges in a Small, Open, Fragile, Postconflict Economy: Cambodia, October 2014. This paper analyzes the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Trade Policy Review: Cambodia, the first completed for the country. The report highlights Cambodia’s rapid economic growth after one of the world’s worst genocides in the 20th century. This growth has been underpinned by open trade and investment policies in the context of dynamic neighborhood growth effects...

 

ADB

From Spaghetti Bowl to Jigsaw Puzzle? Addressing the Disarray in the World Trade System, October 2014. The rise of mega-regionals such as the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) suggests that the world trade system is fragmenting to the point it appears more like a jigsaw puzzle than a spaghetti bowl. There are both regional and global jigsaw puzzles to be solved—in that order—to clean up the world trade system. But is this even likely...

 

ADB

Business Cycle Synchronization in Asia: The Role of Financial and Trade Linkages, October 2014. In this research project, we attempt to examine the behavior of business cycles in Asia in order to deepen our understanding of and expand research on this topic. Given the importance of the People’s Republic of China, Japan, and the United States in the region economy, we use these three economies as our “reference countries” to study the synchronization of their business cycles with other Asian economies of interest...

 

ADB

World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade Facilitation: Assessing the Level of Ambition and Likely Impacts, September 2014. At the Ninth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) held in Bali on 3–6 December 2013, the ministers agreed upon the WTO Agreement on Trade Facilitation (ATF). This paper assesses the level of ambition of the ATF from two angles. First, the use of softening language in each provision is examined. Second, the final agreement is compared against the draft text prepared before the Bali conference. Then, the paper considers the likely legal, economic, capacity-building, and reform-inducing impacts of the ATF.

 

ADB

How Capital Flows Affect Economy-wide Vulnerability and Inequality: Flow-of-Funds Analysis of Selected Asian Economies, July 2014. In contrast to the situation that preceded the 1997–1998 Asian financial crisis, Asia today is a region with excess savings where corporate savings dominate. In the mid-2000s, the extent of liquidity was further amplified by massive capital flows, particularly bank-led flows. The flows were briefly interrupted by the global financial crisis, before debt-led flows began to dominate, following the Quantitative Easing (QE) policy in the United States...

 

ADB

Has Regional Integration Led to Greater Risk-sharing in Asia? July 2014. The 1997–1998 Asian financial crisis revealed the latent risks present in an increasingly integrated global economy and how virulent these risks can be when roused from dormancy. Given the inevitability of integration, the challenge is how to maximize its benefits while minimizing its costs. One benefit of greater integration, particularly financial integration, is that countries can diversify their risks, thus allowing them to smooth out their consumption. This paper analyzes whether the degree of risk-sharing in East Asia has improved along with the observed rise in integration in the region...

 

ADB

Technologies to Support Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Asia, Published 2014. This study has four important findings. First, decision makers considering adaptation options should take their local context into account in determining the range of both hard and soft adaptation technologies available to them. Just because a technology addresses a current vulnerability in one area does not necessarily mean it will perform equally well in a different context with different climatic and other conditions...

 

ADB

2014 CTI Annual Report to Ministers. The CTI Annual Report to Ministers for 2014 outlines the Committee’s accomplishments and recommendations in the key priority areas of APEC’s Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation (TILF) agenda in support of APEC’s 2014 priorities under the theme of “Shaping the Future through Asia-Pacific Partnership”.

 

APEC

APEC Guidebook on Financial and Economic Literacy in Basic Education, Published 2014. The APEC Guidebook on Financial and Economic Literacy in Basic Education demonstrates how to design and implement learning activities related to financial and economic literacy in primary and lower secondary schools.

 

APEC

Innovation, Competitiveness and the Role of Fiscal Policies, November 2014. This issues paper aims to contribute to that priority by examining the role of fiscal and taxation policies that are related to R&D and the need to sharpen APEC economies’ competitive edge and accelerate the economic restructuring process in the APEC region.

 

APEC

50 Leading Companies for Women in APEC, November 2014. Building upon the APEC’s Growth Strategy of 2010 and other APEC activities, this project seeks to provide support for increased career and economic opportunities for women in the APEC region and beyond.

 

APEC

Report to Implement the APEC Connectivity Blueprint, Published 2014. The Report to Implement the APEC Connectivity Blueprint supports the implementation of the APEC Connectivity Blueprint for 2015-2025 which was endorsed by APEC Leaders during their meeting in November 2014 in Beijing, China. The report was prepared by SOM Friends of the Chair on Connectivity and the Policy Support Unit. 

 

APEC

How to Promote Business Continuity Planning to Mitigate the Impact of Disasters, Published 2014. This guide highlights the challenges officials face in their efforts to promote the use of Business Continuity Plans by SMEs and offers ideas and options for overcoming these challenges.

 

APEC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effectiveness of the Easing of Monetary Policy in the Japanese Economy, Incorporating Energy Prices, November 2014. Japan has reached the limits of conventional macroeconomic policy. In order to overcome deflation and achieve sustainable economic growth, the Bank of Japan (BOJ) recently set an inflation target of 2% and implemented an aggressive monetary policy so this target could be achieved as soon as possible. Although prices started to rise after the BOJ implemented monetary easing, this may have been for other reasons, such as higher oil prices. Oil became expensive as a result of the depreciated Japanese yen and this was one of the main causes of the rise in inflation. This paper shows that quantitative easing may not have stimulated the Japanese economy either...

 

ADB

Financial Inclusion, Regulation, and Education in Sri Lanka, November 2014. Sri Lanka has achieved a high level of financial inclusion compared to other South Asian countries. Its financial sector comprises a wide range of financial institutions providing financial services such as loans, savings, pawning, leasing and finance, and remittance and money transfer facilities. There is also evidence that a larger share of households in Sri Lanka accesses multiple financial institutions for their credit and savings needs. However, the use of insurance services, ATM facilities, e-payments, and mobile banking, is relatively low. Financial education is ad hoc and lags behind financial innovation and new products...

 

ADB

Dynamic Analysis of Exchange Rate Regimes: Policy Implications for Emerging Countries in Asia, October 2014. This paper discusses desirable exchange rate regimes and how countries can shift from their current regimes to these regimes over the medium term. We demonstrate the superiority of a basket-peg regime with the basket weight rule over a floating regime with the interest rate rule or the money supply rule in small open economies, during periods when volatility of exchange rates is moderate. Countries which currently have fixed exchange rates would be better moving toward either a basket-peg or a floating regime over the medium term. A shift to a basket-peg regime is preferred when exchange rate fluctuations are large.

 

ADB

Jump Jets for the ADF? November 2014. Is there a case for Australia to acquire F-35B Joint Strike Fighter short take-off, vertical landing (STOVL) aircraft to operate from the two new Canberra-class landing helicopter docks (LHDs)? The government has directed that this question be addressed in the development of the 2015 Defence White Paper...

 

ASPI

Monetary Authority of Singapore: Macroeconomic Review, Volume XIII, Issue 2, October 2014 (Full Report, Presentation Slides for Briefing):  

MAS

MAS Survey of Professional Forecasters, September 2014. The September 2014 Survey was sent out on 12 August 2014 to a total of 26 economists and analysts who closely monitor the Singapore economy. This report reflects the views received from 22 respondents (a response rate of 85%) and does not represent MAS’ views or forecasts.

 

MAS

2013 Singapore Asset Management Industry Survey, July 2014. The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) conducted its annual survey of the Singapore asset management industry, for the year ending 31 December 2013. As at end-2013, total assets managed by Singapore-based asset managers grew by 11.8% to S$1.82 trillion. Growth was broadbased, with traditional and alternative managers registering good
increases in assets under management (AUM)...

 

MAS

Steadying the US Rebalance to Asia: The Role of Australia, Japan and South Korea, November 2014. Given China’s rise and Asia’s economic ascent, military growth and increasing trade flows, the US ‘pivot to Asia’ reflects an appropriate policy response to changing global realities. The pivot (now called a ‘rebalance’) implies a shift in US attention and resources in the military, diplomatic and economic spheres from the Middle East and Europe towards Asia...

 

ASPI

Should Ministerial Arrangements for Domestic Security Be Changed? October 2014. The recent increase in Australia’s terrorism alert, reported prime ministerial concern over national security arrangements, major increases in counterterrorism funding and operational success against people smuggling have raised a new question in Canberra: are our arrangements for managing domestic security optimal? This paper examines this question as a debate...

 

ASPI

Another Century, Another Long War, October 2014. Australia is involved in the early stages of a conflict that may last for the rest of the century and potentially beyond. Terrorism is but a symptom of a broader conflict in which the fundamental threat is from radical Islamists who are intent on establishing Islam as the foundation of a new world order...

 

ASPI

From Catching Up to Forging Ahead? China's Prospects in Semiconductors, November 2014. This study explores how China's new semiconductor strategy seeks to benefit from four global transformations in semiconductor markets and technology: a) the demand pull from mobile devices; b) new opportunities for China's foundries in trailing-node semiconductor technologies; c) changes in the IC foundry industry landscape; and) a new interest in strategic partnerships and mergers and acquisitions (M&A)...

 

EWC

Milan Summit Could Mark Turning Point for the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM), November 2014. Shada Islam, Director of Policy at Friends of Europe, explains that "for many in Asia, the EU is the prime partner to deal with non-traditional security dilemmas, including food, water and energy security as well as climate change. The EU remains an inspiration for Asia's own regional integration initiatives, including ASEAN, and in areas such as rules-based collective security."

 

EWC

India's Strategic Culture and U.S.-India Ties, November 2014. Sarang Shidore, Visiting Scholar at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin, explains that "In the absence of a clear mutual understanding on the systemic front, [US-India] bilateral differences over narrower issues such as immigration visas or multi-brand retail have become disproportionately prominent and gained traction beyond the transactional."

 

EWC

Asia's Importance, China’s Expansion and U.S. Strategy: What Should Be Done? October 2014. Robert Sutter, Professor at George Washington University, states that the Obama government's "posture has been reactive, vacillating between periodic strident statements against Chinese coercive behavior and muting disputes in the lead up to the November 2014 meetings."

 

EWC

America's Aging Society Problem: A Look to Japan for Lessons on Prevention, October 2014. Ender Ricart, Japan Studies Visiting Fellow at the East-West Center in Washington, explains that "If we look to Japan as an example, America could benefit from enacting like-minded policies that target and empower older adults aged 65 and over to make lifestyle choices that will prevent behaviorally caused diseases."

 

EWC

The Asia-Pacific Cooperation Agenda: Moving from Regional Cooperation Toward Global Leadership, October 2014. In the past quarter-century Asia has seen vast changes, including increased economic growth, integration, and liberalization. The Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) process, now marking its 25th anniversary, facilitated these changes through its institution of the first regular meetings of ministers and then leaders. But what role should APEC play in the future? With a continuing diffusion of power, what was once hailed as an imminent "Asian century" is much more likely to be a global one...

 

EWC

Contesting Buddhist Narratives: Democratization, Nationalism, and Communal Violence in Myanmar, Published 2014. Myanmar's transition to democracy has been marred by violence between Buddhists and Muslims. While the violence originally broke out between Rakhine Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims, it subsequently emerged throughout the country, impacting Buddhists and Muslims of many ethnic backgrounds. This article offers background on these so-called "communal conflicts" and the rise and evolution of Buddhist nationalist groups led by monks that have spearheaded anti-Muslim campaigns...

 

EWC

China's Foreign Policy in Afghanistan, October 2014. On 31 December 2014 NATO will hand over its final security responsibilities to local Afghan forces. The handover will raise new questions for Chinese policy in Afghanistan. On the one hand, Beijing wants a stable Afghanistan. It does not want the country to become either a haven for Uyghur militancy, or for instability to spread through the region. On the other hand, Beijing is reluctant to become too deeply involved in Afghanistan, conscious of the West’s difficult experience over the last decade and fearful of attracting the attention of international terrorist groups...

 

Lowy

Indonesian Foreign Policy under President Jokowi, October 2014. New Indonesian president Joko Widodo’s inexperience in foreign affairs and his focus on domestic issues will see him delegate decisions on foreign and security policy to his key advisers. This will result in increased competition between the institutions those advisers lead. On issues where a consensus does not emerge, this competition will make it more difficult for Indonesian foreign policy-makers to define a clear position...

 

Lowy

2014 APEC Economic Policy Report. The 2014 APEC Economic Report focuses on APEC’s work and advocacy for the development and implementation of Good Regulatory Practices (GRPs). It includes individual member economies reports, which describe key policy developments concerning the use of Good Regulatory Practices.

 

APEC

2014 APEC Economic Policy Report: Executive Summary. This is an executive summary of the 2014 APEC Economic Policy Report which highlights the challenges of APEC economies in implementing Good Regulatory Practices and suggests further steps in promoting the use of GRPs.

 

APEC

Factsheet: 2014 APEC Economic Policy Report. This is a 2 page factsheet of the 2014 APEC Economic Policy Report which focuses on Good Regulatory Practices.

 

APEC

Factsheet: 2014 APEC Senior Officials' Report on Economic and Technical Cooperation. This is a 2 page factsheet of the 2014 APEC Senior Officials' Report on Economic and Technical Cooperation.

 

APEC

Enhanced Resiliency of Cross-Border Value Chains: Impact Evaluation for the Asia-Pacific, October 2014. This report presents results from the fourth and final phase of PSU’s project on Value Chain Resilience (VCR). The first three phases examined particular components of VCR, namely Risk, Strength, and Connectedness. This report deals with the economic impacts of VCR using a global Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model...

 

APEC

Key Trends and Developments relating to Trade and Investment Measures and their Impact on the APEC region, November 2014. This report is prepared by the APEC Policy Support Unit (PSU) to inform APEC ministers, officials, and stakeholders on recent trade and investment trends in the region, as well as tradea nd investment-related measures recently implemented by APEC member economies. Started in 2009, this report is produced semiannually for information during the Meeting of the APEC Ministers Responsible for Trade (MRT) and the APEC Ministerial Meeting (AMM).

 

APEC

APEC Economic Trends Analysis, November 2014. The PSU’s APEC Economic Trends Analysis provides an overview on emerging trends underlying the region’s economic prospects by providing in-depth analysis on recent macroeconomic and financial developments in the APEC region. The key message of this issue is on the importance of building a more innovative and dynamic services sector to secure and sustain higher APEC growth.

 

APEC

Regulatory Issues Affecting Trade and Supply Chain Finance, November 2014. Supply chain finance is one form of trade financing that has experienced rapid growth in recent years. The paper notes the current lack of globally agreed definition of supply chain finance and thus takes the liberty to discuss two ways of understanding supply chain finance and the different policy issues under each...

 

APEC

Trade and Economic Growth: 25 Years of a Stronger Relationship within APEC, October 2014. The purpose of this Policy Brief is to explore the correlation between trade and the gross domestic product (GDP) within APEC and show the importance that trade plays in APEC’s economic growth vis-à-vis the rest of the world

 

APEC

APEC in Charts 2014. APEC in Charts was launched by the APEC Policy Support Unit in 2013 to provide a graphical overview of the APEC region’s economic, trade, investment and policy-related performance. This year’s issue is significant as 2014 marks 25 years since the founding of APEC...

 

APEC

Shaping the Future through an Asia-Pacific Partnership for Urbanization and Sustainable City Development, October 2014. This study presents arguments and a rationale for APEC member economies to engage in an Asia-Pacific partnership to shape the future of urbanization and sustainable city development. It discusses the challenges, policies, issues, and changes facing the development and management of cities...

 

APEC

Evaluation of Value Chain Connectedness in the APEC Region, October 2014. Part 3 of a 4-phase analysis of Value Chain Resilience in the APEC region, this report examines Value Chain Connectedness by using value-added trade data to map the activity of value chains, with particular reference to the Asia-Pacific region and uses sophisticated network analysis techniques to provide a quantitative evaluation of Value Chain Connectedness.

 

APEC

APEC's Bogor Goals Progress Report 2014. In general, the analysis of the information shows that progress has been uneven across APEC economies and across areas. It is clear that more work needs to be done...

 

APEC

APEC's Bogor Goals Dashboard 2014. The purpose of the Dashboard is to provide easy-to-understand figures to track the advances in areas critical to promoting greater regional economic integration, such as liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment...

 

APEC

Regulatory Reform - Case Studies on Promoting Innovation, October 2014. This report contains case studies that investigate the role of regulatory reforms and practices in the promotion of innovation. The case studies draw lessons and suggest policy recommendations based on APEC member economies’ experiences of implementing regulatory reforms to promote innovation...

 

APEC

2014 External Indicators Update for the Supply Chain Connectivity Framework Action Plan, October 2014. This report provides updates on Supply Chain Connectivity Framework Action Plan (SCFAP) progress related to the agreed external indicators with the goal of 10% improvement by 2015 in terms of time, costs and uncertainty.

 

APEC

Quantitative Analysis of Value Chain Strength in the APEC Region, July 2014. Part 2 of a 4-phase analysis of Value Chain Resilience in the APEC region, this report examines Value Chain Strength by combining qualitative and quantitative approaches to place APEC’s performance in a comparative perspective with other regional groupings...

 

APEC

Fiscal Policy and Growth in Developing Asia, October 2014. This paper traces the evolution of industrial policies in Indonesia from a global value chain (GVC) perspective. Using the mineral sector as a mini case study, the paper assesses the Indonesian Government’s recent effort to boost domestic value addition in the sector. It argues that the effectiveness of government policies in maximizing the gains from GVC participation depends not only on policy design, but also on policy consistency and coherence, effective implementation, and coordination.

 

ADB

Industrial Policy in Indonesia: A Global Value Chain Perspective, October 2014. This paper traces the evolution of industrial policies in Indonesia from a global value chain (GVC) perspective. Using the mineral sector as a mini case study, the paper assesses the Indonesian Government’s recent effort to boost domestic value addition in the sector. It argues that the effectiveness of government policies in maximizing the gains from GVC participation depends not only on policy design, but also on policy consistency and coherence, effective implementation, and coordination.

 

ADB

Fiscal Policy and Inclusive Growth in Latin America: Lessons for Asia, October 2014. Latin America’s experience with inclusive fiscal policy can offer valuable lessons for developing Asia in its new-found quest to leverage public spending and taxation to spread the benefits of growth to the broader population. Of particular interest is its generally successful experience with conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs. Overall, the evidence suggests that CCT programs can be an effective tool for inclusive growth in Asia, too. However, CCTs are not a panacea for poverty and inequality, and the ingredients for their success in Asia may differ from those in Latin America.

 

ADB

Sustainable Vocational Training Toward Industrial Upgrading and Economic Transformation, Published 2014. This report summarizes results of the workshop “Sustainable Vocational Training toward Industrial Upgrading and Economic Transformation” held from 2 to 5 December 2013 in Beijing and Guangzhou, the People’s Republic of China (PRC). A joint initiative of the PRC and the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the workshop—attended by more than 90 participants from 16 countries—is part of the annual PRC-ADB Knowledge Sharing Platform and was supported and organized by the Regional Knowledge Sharing Initiative...

 

ADB

Scrutinizing Urbanization Challenges in the Philippines through the Infrastructure Lens, October 2014. Managing urban growth in countries requires that leaders plan ahead using national physical plans that, among others, safeguard land for utilities and physical infrastructure decades ahead, deliberately configures transport networks (including strategic seaports, controlled expressways and, if necessary, railway extension to suburbs) in order to induce factor mobility, and actively targets the removal of slums and urban renewal...

 

PIDS

12th DPRM Advocates Labor, Industrial Reforms for Inclusive Growth, July-September 2014. The theme for this year, "Addressing the Jobs Challenge Toward Inclusive Growth", highlights the need for labor and industrial reforms for inclusive growth. It underscores the effect of labor policies such as the minimum wage-setting, the lack of more productive jobs, and issues in the education sector that have further contributed to persistent poverty and inequality...

 

PIDS

Minimum Wage: Should it be the Weapon of Choice for Inclusive Growth? September 2014. The minimum wage is a classic example of a price floor, the lowest price set by law with which to pay a commodity. The idea is to prevent wages from going too low. Historically, societies have used the minimum wage to achieve their social justice objectives. Internationally, there is no consensus on the effect of minimum wages on employment. In the Philippines, a study by Lanzona (2014) established a negative relationship between minimum wages and employment...

 

PIDS

How Should Income-based Grantees in Tertiary Education Be Chosen? October 2014. Helping poor but deserving students get a college degree is one way to break the cycle of poverty. The question, however, is how these scholars should be chosen. This Policy Note draws some insights from the PIDS research on the Students Grants-in-Aid Program for Poverty Alleviation (SGP-PA) implemented by the Commission on Higher Education and Department of Social Welfare and Development. The SGP-PA supports students unable to afford tertiary education. The program`s objective is to increase the number of higher education graduates among poor households and employ these graduates in high value-added occupations.

 

PIDS

The Need (or not) for Fiscal Incentives, October 2014. Fiscal incentives are one of the instruments in a country`s development and investment promotion strategies. In the Philippines, the bill on the rationalization of fiscal incentives for investments to further shore up government collections has been certified a priority measure by the Aquino administration. This bill aims to rationalize fiscal incentives across industries to improve transparency, further bolster revenues, and level the playing field. ..

 

PIDS

Clarifying the Jobs Challenge, September 2014. The jobs challenge is not simply the lack of job opportunities. A more nuanced view is the inability of the common person to earn a decent living through productive employment or self-employment. Viewing the issue as such reveals the other dimensions of the lack of job opportunities issue. This Policy Note clarifies the jobs challenge and its implications for policy based on Paqueo et al. (2014)...

 

PIDS

Is Growth Really Jobless? August 2014. The stellar economic growth in the country since 2012 has not been subsequently accompanied by a significant reduction in poverty or by increased employment. Is the country`s economic growth really jobless? The description about the Philippine economy being jobless stems from the seeming divergence in growth between economic growth and employment...

 

PIDS

Effects of Minimum Wage on the Philippine Economy, August 2014. This Policy Note presents the results of a study that explores the effects of labor policies on the industry. In particular, it examines the minimum wage policy by disentangling and controlling various factors that may confound the effects of minimum wages on employment. Using various econometric methods, the study finds that the minimum wage policy reduces employment in small firms. It causes small firms to reduce their production workers...

 

PIDS

Process, Nature, and Impacts of Irrigation System Rehabilitation, August 2014. Irrigation systems undergo rehabilitation to maintain developed irrigation service areas and close the gap between service areas and actual areas irrigated. A rapid appraisal of the government`s irrigation program was commissioned to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies to assess how well these goals have been achieved...

 

PIDS

Appraisal of Methodology in Estimating Irrigable Areas and Processes of Evaluating Feasibility of NIA Irrigation Projects, August 2014. This Policy Note highlights the key findings of a component study of the rapid appraisal of the irrigation program commissioned by the National Economic and Development Authority and the Department of Budget and Management to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, to provide input to the budget process...

 

PIDS

Government Investment in Deep-well Pumps: Some Preliminary Notes for Policy, August 2014. Irrigation is a key component of the government`s strategy to improve agricultural productivity and attain food self-sufficiency. In recent years, the government has been investing in deep-well pumps as an option to develop more water sources amid the expansion of service areas...

 

PIDS

Analysis of Technical Assumptions and Processes of Evaluating Feasibility of Irrigation Projects, August 2014. This Policy Note presents the highlights of a component study of the rapid appraisal of the government`s irrigation program commissioned by the National Economic and Development Authority and the Department of Budget and Management to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, as input to the budget process...

 

PIDS

Bridging the Digital Divide through Asia-Pacific Partnership, October 2014. The APEC Digital Opportunity Center (ADOC) Project is an ECOTECH (Economic and Technical Cooperation) initiative first proposed in the 2003 APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting. The main objective of ADOC project is to reduce digital divides in the APEC region by enabling people to overcome limitations due to age, gender, health, social or education status, and to enjoy the benefits of digitalization.

 

APEC

APEC Guideline to Tackle Antimicrobial Resistance in the Asia-Pacific Region, October 2014. It is primarily based on the strategic action plan to control and prevent AMR in the Asia-Pacific region from previous APEC projects...

 

APEC

Promoting APEC SME Innovation through Smart IPR Policy: How Smart IPR Policies Can Encourage SMMEs' Research and Development, September 2014. This report provides an overview and summary of the Promoting APEC SME Financing through Smart IPR Policy Seminar, held between the 17th –18th of September 2014 at the Sofitel Sukhumvit Hotel, Bangkok by the Office of Small and Medium Enterprises Promotion (OSMEP), on behalf of the APEC SME Working Group.

 

APEC

Journal of Bhutan Studies, Volume 28, Summer 2013 (Published 2014)  

Bhutan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

  

 
 

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