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Asia-Studies Full-Text Online is the premier database for the study of modern Asia Pacific. As the exclusive licensee for many of the region's most prestigious research institutions, Asia-Studies.com brings together thousands of full-text reports covering 55 countries* on a multitude of business, government, economic, and social issues.

 
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We index full-text journals with open access platforms in our NEW Asia-Studies Full-Text Plus section. Here is the list of journals available.

 
 

 

 
 

 

 
 

 

 
 

September, 2014 Current Topics

 

Source

 

 

 

 

Maximizing Energy Efficiency of Supply Chain Connectivity Through Improving Rail-waterway Intermodal Container Transport (RWICT) in APEC Economies, September 2014. The analysis comprises of four sections: section one deals with the current status and trend of RWICT development in the Asia-Pacific region; section two compares RWICT with other transport modes, in the form of rail vs sea and rail vs road, mainly from the perspective of energy consumption; section three proposes suggestions in relation to China’s RWICT and some general recommendations; and section four is equivalent to a mini instruction manual, providing key information for the reference of various parties who intend to get involved in RWICT via the New Eurasia Land Bridge.

 

APEC

Independent Assessment of the APEC Mining Task Force, August 2014. The APEC Mining Task Force (MTF; ‘the group’) was established in 2007 following the 3rd Minister’s Responsible for Mining (MRM3) meeting held in Perth, Australia. The MTF has previously been reviewed through an independent assessment report in August 2011. This independent assessment examines the operations and outputs of the MTF since the 2011 review and makes recommendations to assist with enhancing the capacity and effectiveness of the group.

 

APEC

Project Summary Report - APEC Conference on Facilitating Solar Supply Chain, August 2014. On July 31st and August 1st, 2014, the APEC Conference on Facilitating the Solar Supply Chain, initiated by Viet Nam and co-sponsored by China and the United States, was held in Ha Noi, Viet Nam. The Conference sought to update information on trends in the sourcing of inputs to solar-energy projects and possible changes that could affect supply chains in the future. It also aimed at creating a platform for APEC member economies to discuss current supply-chain management procedures and networks in the solar industry, as well as discussing opportunities and challenges in the solar equipment industry, with possible recommendations to tackle such challenges.

 

APEC

Financing APEC SME Innovation Workshop: Identifying Government Policies that Promote Venture Capital In-vestment in APEC Economies, August 2014. This report provides an overview and summary of the Financing APEC SME Innovation Workshop held between the 18th – 19th of June 2014 at the Sofitel Sukhumvit Hotel, Bangkok by the Office of Small and Medium Enterprises Promotion (OSMEP), on behalf of the APEC SME Working Group. The main objective of the two day workshop is to devise a set of policy recommendations to be enacted APEC-wide for both developed and developing member economies to encourage both domestic and cross-border venture capitalist investment, with a focus on encouraging venture capital market growth in latecomer economies.

 

APEC

Promoting Regional Education Services Integration: APEC University Associations Cross-Border Education Cooperation Workshop - Workshop Report, June 2014. This report has been prepared to summarise discussions at the APEC University Associations Cross-Border Education Cooperation Workshop. The workshop was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia between 20 and 22 May 2014 and was attended by delegates from Australia; Canada; Hong Kong, China; Indonesia; Japan; Korea; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; The Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Viet Nam; and the United States.

 

APEC

Institute of Southeast Asian Studies - Trends in Southeast Asia 2014
#01: China's Economic Engagement With Southeast Asia: Malaysia
#02: The Political Economy of RCEP & TPP Agreements: An ASEAN
        Perspective
#03: New Chinese Migration and Capital in Cambodia
#04: Reforms will Determine Degree of Vietnam's Dependence on
       China

 

ISEAS

To Choose or Not to Choose: How to Deal with China's Growing Power and Influence, August 2014. This paper collects 10 items published on the ASPI blog The Strategist by eight authors on one of the most important public policy issues of this decade and beyond: how to deal with China’s growing power and influence. The hope is that this debate will start to identify points of shared thinking and expose the areas where further work is needed to improve the quality of policy outcomes. ASPI will continue to publish on the topic. There is no more important subject for the future of Australia and for a stable Asia–Pacific.

 

ASPI

Strategy and Its Discontents: The Place of Strategy in National Policymaking, July 2014. One of the liveliest debates to have taken place on ASPI’s blog, The Strategist, concerned the place of strategy in Canberra’s policymaking community. It seems that there’s little consensus around what strategy’s core business should be, let alone who should practice it and whether indeed enough strategy is being done by DFAT, Defence or other parts of government. The 11 short pieces printed here by eight authors with quite diverse perspectives span a broad range of views about the definition, role, purpose and health of strategic policymaking. There’s no more important debate in public policy than on the place of strategy in meeting complex national challenges. This paper hopefully will encourage a more structured debate about strategy’s place at the heart of national policymaking.

 

ASPI

Violence against Women in PNG: How Men Are Getting Away with Murder, August 2014. The women of Papua New Guinea (PNG) endure some of the most extreme levels of violence in the world. They continue to be attacked with impunity despite their government’s promises of justice. The situation has been described as a humanitarian disaster yet still does not receive the broader public attention it deserves, inside or outside PNG. It is also a significant obstacle to PNG’s development and prosperity...

 

Lowy

Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2014 (Highlights, Special Supplement and Full Report):
  • Part I: Special Chapter: Poverty in Asia: A Deeper Look
  • Part II: Millennium Development Goals
  • Part III: Regional Trends and Tables

Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2014 covers 48 economies: Afghanistan, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Cook Islands, Fiji Islands, Georgia, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Republic of Korea, Kyrgyz Republic, Lao, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Taipei, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, and Viet Nam.

 

ADB

Assessing the Costs of Climate Change and Adaptation in South Asia, Published 2014. According to the report's findings the total climate change cost in South Asia will increase over time and will be prohibitively high in the long term. Without global deviation from a fossil-fuel-intensive path, South Asia could lose an equivalent 1.8% of its annual gross domestic product (GDP) by 2050, which will progressively increase to 8.8% by 2100. The model suggests that the Maldives will be hardest hit in GDP loss, while Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka are projected to face 2.0%, 1.4%, 1.8%, 2.2%, and 1.2%, respectively, loss of annual GDP by 2050...

 

ADB

ASEAN 2030: Toward a Borderless Economic Community, Published 2014. This book investigates long-term development issues for members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). It finds that with a proper policy mix including domestic structural reforms and bold initiatives for regional integration, by 2030 ASEAN has the potential to reach the average quality of life enjoyed today in advanced economies and fulfill its aspirations to become a resilient, inclusive, competitive, and harmonious (RICH) region...

 

ADB

From Global Factory to Global Mall: East Asia's Changing Trade Composition, August 2014. This paper studies how East Asia's trade composition and orientation have changed over the past decade and analyzes the implications for the region and beyond. Over the last 2 decades we have witnessed the emergence of regional and global supply chains, in which production is divided into production stages or tasks across the most competitive locations. East Asia has been the most successful region in the world in building up or joining regional and global supply chains and has been described as "Factory Asia" (Baldwin 2008)...

 

ADB

Trade Policy and Growth in Asia, August 2014. This paper examines the changing relationship between trade policy, production networks, and economic growth in Asia. It traces East Asia's rise to the coveted "Factory Asia" league with rapid growth over several decades through trade policy anchored on outward-oriented industrialization strategies, including a voluntary liberalization approach under the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and a multilateral approach under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)/World Trade Organization (WTO) system...

 

ADB

Economic Implications of Deeper South Asian - Southeast Asian Integration: A CGE Approach, August 2014. South and Southeast Asian economic integration via increased trade flows has been increasing significantly over the past 2 decades, but the level of trade continues to be relatively low. This underperformance has been due to both policy-related variables—relatively high tariff and non-tariff barriers—and high trade costs due to inefficient "hard" and "soft" infrastructure (costly transport links and problems related to trade facilitation). The goal of this study is to estimate the potential gains from South Asian–Southeast Asian economic integration using an advanced computable general equilibrium (CGE) model...

 

ADB

Measuring Value Added in the People's Republic of China's Exports: A Direct Approach, August 2014. We apply a direct approach to estimate domestic value added embedded in the People's Republic of China's (PRC) exports. The estimates suggest that the domestic value added of processing exports and processing high-tech exports gradually increased from 30% and 25%, to 44% and 45%, respectively, between 1997 and 2012. On the other hand, the domestic content of processing exports with supplied materials fell to 14% from the peak of 35%...

 

ADB

Three Arrows of "Abenomics" and the Structural Reform of Japan: Inflation Targeting Policy of the Central Bank, Fiscal Consolidation, and Growth Strategy, August 2014. "Abenomics" refers to the economic policies advocated by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe who became prime minister of Japan for a second time when his party, the Liberal Democratic Party, won an overwhelming majority at the general election in December 2012. Abenomics has "three arrows": (i) aggressive monetary policy, (ii) fiscal consolidation, and (iii) growth strategy...

 

ADB

Three Cheers for Abe's High-Tech CLT Wooden Arrow: The Future of Japanese Construction, August 2014. The August 7 Bloomberg article, “Japanese Women Armed With Chainsaws Head to the Hills Under Abe's Plan”, legitimately lauds this Abe initiative that promotes women and Japanese forestry, especially high-tech and environmentally friendly forestry. The article reports that 3000 women are entering the wood business in a variety of capacities, including as lumberjacks. Further expanding women’s opportunities in non-traditional roles is a no-brainer in any context, but especially in Japan...

 

APJ

Why Do We Still Need to Talk About "Historical Understanding" in East Asia? August 2014. In Japan today, a spirit of “dislike China, hate Korea” is widespread. Since the summer of 2012, when territorial disputes over the small Senkaku/Diaoyu and Takeshima/Dokto islands became the focus of diplomatic struggle with these neighboring East Asian countries, and even more so since the real possibility has emerged of an armed clash with China, a view has spread in Japan that denies the need to keep talking about historical understanding of the first half of the twentieth century...

 

APJ

Dirty Wars: French and American Piaster Profiteering in Indochina, 1945-75, August 2014. With its economy devastated by war, its national glory sullied by ignominious defeats at the hands of Germany and Japan, and its colonial legacy morally undercut by the Atlantic Charter, France in 1945 faced immense challenges. Especially daunting was the job of restoring its empire, particularly in distant Indochina. For French political leaders and imperialists who equated empire with national greatness, simply granting Indochina its independence was out of the question. But reoccupying the lost colony would be no easy matter...

 

APJ

The Overseas Dispatch of Japan's Self-Defense Forces and U.S. War Preparations, August 2014. Regardless of Prime Minister Abe’s attempt to make the case that collective self-defense is constitutional, for some time the Self-Defense Forces have been working to achieve for Japan the status of a “state that can wage war overseas.” Behind this movement wriggles U.S. intent. “Solely defensive” has been rescinded and the ground prepared for the coming right of collective self-defense...

 

APJ

The Radiation That Makes People Invisible: A Global Hibakusha Perspective, August 2014. Radiation makes people invisible. We know that exposure to radiation can be deleterious to one’s health; can cause sickness and even death when received in high doses. But it does more. People who have been exposed to radiation, or even those who suspect that they have been exposed to radiation, including those who never experience radiation-related illnesses, may find that their lives are forever changed – that they have assumed a kind of second class citizenship...

 

APJ

Economic and Security Reform in Japan: Harder Than It Looks, August 2014. H. D. P. (David) Envall, Research Fellow at the Department of International Relations at Australian National University, writes that "Overextending national security reforms could undermine the government's popularity and thus damage its capacity to undertake difficult economic changes."

 

EWC

Understanding the Persistence of American Alliances and Partnerships in the Asia-Pacific, August 2014. William Tow, Professor at Australian National University, writes that "Understanding why many of these relationships have endured beyond the Cold War and what their applicability is to a rapidly changing regional strategic environment is the subject of a new joint research project now underway involving the East-West Center (EWC), Washington D.C. office, collaborating with the Australian National University (ANU)."

 

EWC

US Comfort Women Memorials: Vehicles for Understanding and Change, August 2014. Mary M. McCarthy, Japan Studies Visiting Fellow at the East-West Center in Washington, states that "local communities in the United States collaborating with their counterparts in South Korea and Japan could make a real difference in promoting understanding on the difficult issue of comfort women."

 

EWC

Prospects for US-India Economic Relations under Prime Minister Modi, August 2014. Pravakar Sahoo, Associate Professor at the Institute of Economic Growth, New Delhi, explains that "The time is now ripe for US firms to do business in India, and Secretary Kerry's visit is good timing, but things will move only if outstanding issues are solved and trust at the highest level restored."

 

EWC

Jokowi's Rise and Indonesia's Second Democratic Transition, August 2014. Vibhanshu Shekhar, Scholar-in-Residence at the ASEAN Studies Center, American University, explains that "A new political voting class in Indonesia is now beginning to emerge that is keen to play a role in the country's democratic politics, is well-informed of issues and interests, and expects a government that is accountable."

 

EWC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

Xi Jinping Visits Seoul: The Bigger Picture, July 2014. China and Korea watchers jumped to attention when it was announced that Xi Jinping would visit South Korea from July 3-4, rather than visit North Korea first. Although the trip could have been seen as reciprocating ROK President Park Geun-hye’s visit to China in June 2013, the Chinese side surely was aware that the trip would be viewed abroad as a departure from standard Chinese protocol and would probably upset Kim Jong-un and his colleagues. But while the trip can be judged a success for China, the North Koreans may have less to worry about than might at first appear...

 

APJ

After the Deluge: Tsunami and the Great Wall of Japan, July 2014. Like hundreds of communities along Japan’s northeast coast, the village of Koizumi exists on maps only. On 11 March 2011, a M9.0 earthquake beneath the Pacific Ocean erupted with the force of a million tons of TNT, triggering towering waves that killed around 19,000 people. In Koizumi, 40 of the 1,800 villagers died. As residents of a country pummeled by tsunami roughly every seven years, the survivors know that someday the calamity will almost certainly return...

 

APJ

Zen Masters on the Battlefield (Part II), July 2014. In Part I of this series we looked at the battlefield experiences of Sōtō Zen Master Sawaki Kōdō during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-5. Sawaki’s battlefield reminiscences are relatively short, especially as he had been severely wounded early in the war. Nevertheless, he was able to express the relationship he saw between Zen and war on numerous occasions in the years that followed...

 

APJ

The Sloppy Realities of 3.11 in Shiriagari Kotobuki's Manga, June 2014. “What is important, I think, is to feel that something is real. I feel that “sloppy” things are real. If I were asked “Why?,” though, I could only reply, “Because that’s who I am.” I suppose I could puff myself up and say “Because the world is a sloppy place, that’s why.” This world is half-baked, half-assed, all Buddhist “impermanence” – such that when you say this, it is really that, and when you think you have it here, it is over there. So yes, all that we know for sure is that we are always in the process of change. So what happens when the world changes? Well, the world is going to end, of course...

 

APJ

The Manga "Oishinbo" Controversy: Radiation and Nose Bleeding in the Wake of 3.11, June 2014. "Oishinbo" is the title of a series of manga (comic), meaning “Gourmet Craze”, created and written by Kariya Tetsu. It has been continuously published since 1983 in a comic magazine “Big Comic Spirits” published by Shogakukan (Tokyo), and enjoyed great popularity in Japan. The series, mainly centered on gourmet food, has been re-published in more than 100 books, and in the past caused controversies regarding its criticisms of food and food regulations...

 

APJ

After Nuclear Disaster: The Decision-Making of Fukushima University Authorities, the Threat to Democratic Governance and Countermovement Actions, June 2014. This journal article was written by Nakasatomi Hiroshi in 2011 after the Great Tohoku Earthquake and nuclear disaster. Nakasatomi currently lectures in constitutional law at Tokushima University, but at the time of the disaster he was working at Fukushima University, and living in Fukushima City with his family. The article describes the response of Fukushima University to the nuclear disaster, and efforts by students and staff within the University to build more critical awareness of the situation and foster more activist approaches...

 

APJ

A Spatial Integration Analysis of the Regional Fertilizer Markets in the Philippines, August 2014. Fertilizer, which is an important production input, holds a significant share in total cost of production for some crops. Based on the available fertilizer price data, it can be observed that price levels vary greatly across regions. To help determine whether or not this variability is alarmingly high, a spatial market integration analysis was done. Based on the Granger causality test, it is found that the price in one region either causes or affects prices in another region...

 

PIDS

Compilation and Synthesis of Major Agricultural Value Chain Analysis in the Philippines, August 2014. Recently, the agricultural sector in the Philippines has enjoyed robust growth driven by rapid price increases in key subsectors, namely, rubber, sugarcane, and coconut. The largest subsectors, however, namely, rice and corn, relatively experienced slower growth and exhibited lower competitiveness than high-value crops (e.g., fruits and vegetables). This study undertakes a stock-taking of value chain studies and gap analysis for major agricultural commodities...

 

PIDS

Labor Policy Analysis for Jobs Expansion and Development, July 2014. The Philippines is at a crossroad. It can choose to continue to follow current unrealistic policies that despite good intentions have been shown to be actually detrimental to the poor. Or, it can elect to try another development path to get a better chance at reducing poverty...

 

PIDS

Child Poverty in the Philippines, July 2014. Despite the remarkable economic performance of the Philippines in recent years, poverty remains a core policy issue. And with a relatively young population, the poverty situation concerns largely children who are at the critical stages of their physical, mental, and social development. This report provides a comprehensive profile of children who are living in poverty through data collected from national surveys and administrative records of government agencies...

 

PIDS

The Philippine Manufacturing Industry Roadmap: Agenda for New Industrial Policy, High Productivity Jobs, and Inclusive Growth, June 2014. In the light of the weak performance of the Philippine manufacturing industry and the absence of structural transformation of the economy from agriculture to manufacturing in the last two decades, the paper calls for the implementation of a new industrial policy. This is crucial not only to upgrade Philippine industries, generate more and better jobs, and reduce poverty but also to take advantage of the market opportunities and face the challenges arising from the ASEAN Economic Community...

 

PIDS

Designing a Cooperation Framework for Philippine Competition and Regulatory Agencies, June 2014. As the Philippines move toward the legislation of its comprehensive competition law, one important issue that has emerged is the interaction between the competition agency and sector regulators. Based on a review of different approaches that different countries have adopted, the paper develops a framework for the interplay between regulatory agencies and competition authority in the Philippines...

 

PIDS

Toward Competitive and Innovative ASEAN SMEs: Philippine SME Policy Index 2012, June 2014. The ASEAN SME Policy Index is an analytical tool to review, track, and identify gaps in small and medium enterprise (SME) policy development and implementation. The index covers the following eight policy areas: institutional framework; cheaper and faster start-up and better legislation and regulation for SMEs; access to information and supporting services; access to finance; technology and technology transfer; market access and getting more output of the single market; promotion of entrepreneurial education; and developing stronger, more effective representation for SMEs` interests...

 

PIDS

Multisectoral Coalition to Advocate for Reforms in Services Sector, April-June 2014. This second issue of the Development Research News announces the revival of the Philippine Services Coalition that will study and advocate for reforms in the services sector, parts of which are said to have restrictive policies on investment. The sector is the engine of growth for the Philippine economy with a potential to attract a large amount of foreign direct investments and generate millions of jobs...

 

PIDS

Regional Integration, Inclusive Growth, and Poverty: Enhancing Employment Opportunities for the Poor, 2014. Regional economic integration in East Asia is characterized initially as a market-driven process of increased trade and foreign direct investment inflows, and eventually by formal arrangements to liberalize trade and integrate economic activities through free trade agreements among East and Southeast Asian countries...

 

PIDS

India's Food Grain Policies and the Public Distribution System: The Case of Rice. Who Wins, Who Loses, and by How Much? 2014. Indian governments follow highly interventionist policies on food grains, especially rice and wheat. These policies include import and export controls which insulate the domestic market from world markets, a minimum support price (MSP) program which supports and controls domestic wholesale prices, large farm input subsidies, and consumer subsidy programs which provide rice and wheat through about half a million “fair price shops” to low income (below the poverty line-BPL) consumers at very low controlled prices...

 

ASARC

The Potential and Constraints of the Exports of Environmental Goods (EGs): The Case of Bangladesh, 2014. Although the economic importance of environmental goods (EGs) is on a rise with increasing focus on global climate change issues, it is surprising that export growth of environmental goods is witnessing a downward trend in developing countries compared to developed countries...

 

ASARC

Responding to Indo-Pacific Rivalry: Australia, India and Middle Power Coalitions, August 2014. China’s rising assertiveness and uncertainties about America’s response to it are causing middle powers in Indo-Pacific Asia to look beyond traditional approaches to security. India, Australia, Japan and some ASEAN countries are expanding security cooperation with each other. The next step should be the creation of ‘middle power coalitions’: informal arrangements where regional players cooperate with one another on strategic issues, working in self-selecting groups that do not include China or the United States...

 

Lowy

China's Climate Change Policies: Actors and Drivers, July 2014. China, the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitter, has a poor reputation on environmental issues and was seen to be obstructive at the Copenhagen climate change talks in 2009. Yet paradoxically, China has invested significant resources into policies which reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These policies have been driven primarily by domestic considerations – energy demand, smog, and economic restructuring – but international image has also been a factor. The public outcry in recent years against air pollution has given urgency to the need for a cleaner growth path...

 

Lowy

Framework on Community Based Inter vention to Control NCD Risk Factors, August 2014. APEC economies take a concrete action to support WHO Global Action Plan and UN General Assembly Political Declaration 2011 to empower community through Community Based Intervention (CBI) while strengthening and reorienting the primary health care system. This framework aims to better understand community based intervention in different settings and also enables to identify approaches and challenges based on experience from several APEC economies.

 

APEC

Services and Manufacturing: Patterns of Linkages, July 2014. This policy unit first discusses the nature of services-manufacturing linkage. It then discusses how services' role in manufacturing had increased. Business services, it appears, is a dominant services input in manufacturing and is discussed next in greater length, including the various regulations in the sector that can act as barriers to trade. The policy brief concludes with implications for trade policy.

 

APEC

ANSSR: Enhancing the Quality and Relevance of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for Current and Future Industry Needs-Phase 1, June 2014. This project is aimed at assisting Malaysia and other economies to implement one of the priorities of the APEC New Strategy on Structural Reform (ANSSR) Action Plan which is related to “Upgrading Skills and Capabilities of Existing Workforce to Address the Needs of Industries”. This priority is in-line with ANSSR as endorsed by Leaders in November 2010.

 

APEC

Independent Assessment of the APEC Tourism Working Group, May 2014. The APEC Tourism Working Group (TWG) was established in 1991 in recognition of the importance of travel and tourism and its importance to economic growth in the Asia-Pacific region. This independent assessment of the TWG is intended to strengthen the work processes of the group and ensure that it is responsive to APEC current priorities and contributes to the achievement of APEC’s overall vision and objectives.

 

APEC

APEC Harmonization Center Annual Report 2013, Published 2014. The APEC Harmonization Center Annual Report 2013 gives an overview of AHC's activities, further promoting communication and cooperation in APEC.

 

APEC

Caveats for the Mongolia-China Strategic Partnership, July 2014. Mendee Jargalsaikhan, Asia Studies Visiting Fellow at the East-West Center in Washington, explains that "From the Mongolian perspective, the strategic partnership with China is important across a number of areas, but there are caveats, especially concerning the economy, security, and culture."

 

EWC

US Arms Sales to India, July 2014. Dinshaw Mistry, Asia Studies Visiting Fellow at the East-West Center in Washington, explains that "New Delhi's defense procurements from the United States are worth a substantial $15 billion."

 

EWC

Broadcasting Justice: Media Outreach at the Khmer Rouge Trials, July 2014. Increasingly, individuals who have perpetrated mass atrocities are being held to account in criminal tribunals. Whether these are in-country tribunals or convened elsewhere, one of their main purposes is to obtain justice for victims. Building a bridge between the tribunal and the affected population is key to achieving this and other goals, such as promoting the rule of law and community reconciliation...

 

EWC

Trade and Innovation in Global Networks - Regional Policy Implications, May 2014. This Think Piece explores how integration into international trade through global networks of production (GPNs) and innovation (GINs) might affect a region's innovation capacity. As regions across the globe are progressively integrated into those global networks--some certainly more than others--these regions are all faced with a fundamental challenge...

 

EWC

Asian Development Outlook 2014 Supplement: Stable Growth Outlook for Developing Asia, July 2014. Developing Asia’s outlook remains on track despite slower-than-expected first quarter growth in the United States. The region is projected to grow steadily at 6.2% in 2014 and 6.4% in 2015, the same rates envisaged in Asian Development Outlook 2014. Slight downward revisions to GDP forecasts for Central Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific are balanced by upward adjustments for South Asia. Relatively stable oil prices and declining food prices are helping to keep inflation in check such that consumer prices in the region are now expected to rise more slowly in 2014 than previously projected...

 

ADB

Challenges and Opportunities of Population Aging in the People's Republic of China, July 2014. The population in the People's Republic of China (PRC) is aging rapidly. The proportion of people aged 60 years and above is expected to increase from 12% in 2010 to 33% by 2050, turning the PRC into the oldest population in the world. Health care costs and dependency ratios will increase in parallel...

 

ADB

Whither Multilateral Development Finance? July 2014. Multilateral development finance is at a critical juncture. In the past 70 years, it has developed through four distinct stages. The Bretton Woods conference established the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund in 1944 to finance post-war reconstruction and stabilize the global economy. The second stage saw the establishment of regional development banks in the 1950s and 1960s...

 

ADB

Service Sector Productivity and Economic Growth in Asia, July 2014. This paper explores the impacts of more rapid growth in labor productivity in the service sector in Asia based on an empirical general equilibrium model. The model allows for input–output linkages and capital movements across industries and economies, and consumption and investment dynamics...

 

ADB

Policies to Enhance Trade Facilitation in South Asia and Southeast Asia, July 2014. This paper discusses trade facilitation in the context of enhancing trading links between South and Southeast Asia, in a manner understandable to the non-specialist. Presently, these two Asian regions tend to trade preferentially with distant markets. One of the reasons cited for the limited trade between themselves is that trade facilitation with trade partners in developed countries is more user friendly and stable...

 

ADB

Financial Stability and Financial Inclusion, July 2014. Developing economies are seeking to promote financial inclusion, i.e., greater access to financial services for low-income households and firms, as part of their overall strategies for economic and financial development. This raises the question of whether financial stability and financial inclusion are, broadly speaking, substitutes or complements. In other words, does the move toward greater financial inclusion tend to increase or decrease financial stability...

 

ADB

Energy Security, Sustainability, and Affordability in Asia and the Pacific, July 2014. This paper calculates energy security, sustainability, and affordability from 2010 to 2035 for the Asia and Pacific region using the following indicators: primary energy intensity, carbon dioxide intensity of the primary energy mix, energy self-sufficiency, affordability of electricity, and primary energy diversification. It then assesses the potential benefits of integrating energy systems within the region...

 

ADB

Measuring Social Protection Expenditures in Southeast Asia: Estimates Using the Social Protection Index, July 2014. This paper provides a cross-country analysis of social protection programs in Southeast Asia. ADB’s Social Protection Index is used to assess program coverage, benefit-level, and impact on poverty and gender equity. While social protection expenditures differ across country income classifications, results show that total spending has remained low...

 

ADB

RETA 7834: Assessment and Implications of Rationalizing and Phasing Out Fossil Fuel Subsidies (Finalization Conference Report, 26-27 May 2014). This publication presents preliminary findings of an ADB technical assistance study on fossil fuel subsidy reform in India, Indonesia, and Thailand, and the feedback at a conference from peer reviewers, policy makers, and experts in economics, energy, environment and poverty issues. The study quantifies fossil-fuel subsidies, analyzes the economic, energy, and environmental impacts of subsidy reform, and discusses social welfare measures to mitigate the negative impacts of reforms on households...

 

ADB

e-Quarterly Research Bulletin, Volume 5, Number 2, April-June 2014 . In this issue of e-Quarterly Research Bulletin:
  • Inequality in Asia and the Pacific: Trends, Drivers, and Policy Implications
  • Fiscal Policy for Inclusive Growth
 

ADB

Local Public Finance Management in the People's Republic of China: Challenges and Opportunities, Published 2014 . The People’s Republic of China is a highly decentralized unitary state with local governments having a dominant share of public service delivery responsibility. Local governance is critically linked to a local public finance system that creates incentives and accountability mechanisms. To ensure the policy response, this project focused on the three interrelated areas in local public finance management, i.e., local budgeting, local debt management and local taxation, and produced policy options in the short, medium and long terms...

 

ADB

Tap Secrets: The Manila Water Story, Published 2014. In this book, Manila Water tells its story - the story of a water utility’s amazing transformation that is anchored on tapping the unlimited potential of important yet often underappreciated corporate resources. This is the secret of Manila Water’s success. Within each and every employee's story, when told collectively, is Manila Water's secret told.

 

ADB

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

July, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ethnic Minorities, Government Policies, and Foreign Relations: The Ethnic Chinese in Vietnam and Ethnic Vietnamese in Cambodia, June 2014. The main purpose of this study is to analyse the impact of government policies and foreign relations on ethnic minorities. This is done through two case studies from East Asia. The cases are: 1) the ethnic Chinese in Vietnam and Sino-Vietnamese relations, and 2) the ethnic Vietnamese in Cambodia and Cambodia-Vietnam relations. Both cases display that inter-state relations can have considerable impact on the situation of ethnic minorities in neighbouring countries. The two cases also display that deteriorating inter-state relations can influence government policies toward ethnic minorities...

 

ISDP

Asia Region Funds Passport - A Study of Potential Economic Benefits and Costs, July 2014. The objective of this study is to evaluate the business case for introducing the ARFP into Asia. It will examine the current state of the mutual funds industry in order to evaluate the benefits that the ARFP can bring into the region. The potential gains from the ARFP will be assessed against the potential risks so that decision makers can implement specific measures to maximize the net benefits.

 

APEC

APEC Train-the-Trainer Training Course for Women SME Service Exporters - Summary Report, July 2014. On June 17th and 18th, 2014, the APEC Train-the-Trainer Training Course for Women SME Service Exporters, initiated by Viet Nam and co-sponsored by Brunei Darussalam and Indonesia, was held in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam. The Training Course was targeted to help equip women SME service providers with knowledge, skills and techniques to improve enterprises’ competitiveness, access to the global market, as well as to share experiences and best practices among women SME providers in exporting services to international markets.

 

APEC

Australia in the UN Security Council, June 2014. In this Lowy Institute Analysis, Richard Gowan reviews Australia’s time as a non-permanent member of the Security Council. Gowan argues that while it has not changed the world, Australia has acquitted itself well, bringing extra rigour and professionalism to the Council’s debates. It has carved out a niche on the issue of humanitarian access in the Syrian conflict, and solidified its reputation as a good international citizen and a serious country...

 

Lowy

How to Buy a Submarine: Part 2, June 2014. The building of a replacement for Australia's Collins class submarines will be the country's most expensive defence project to date. It's also likely to be the most complex, with a myriad of capability, commercial and industrial issues to be managed: the expertise for the design and construction of conventional submarines resides in Europe and Asia while Navy's preference is for American combat and weapon systems. Pulling those elements together while managing the technical risks is no easy task...

 

ASPI

How to Buy a Submarine: Defining and Building Australia's Future Fleet, October 2009. The Defence White paper announced that the future submarine fleet would consist of at least twelve submarines that would be able to perform a wide range of missions and carry a varied array of weapons and sensors. As described, the resultant boats are likely to be the largest, most complex and, at $3 billion each, the most expensive conventional submarines ever built...

 

ASPI

Guidance on Private Banking Controls, June 2014. This report aims to provide financial institutions (FIs) with guidance on the policies, procedures and controls applicable to private banking (PB). In addition to setting out MAS’ supervisory expectations, it also highlights sound industry practices and areas where FIs should pay closer attention to, in order to mitigate the risks from their PB operations.

 

MAS

MAS Survey of Professional Forecasters, June 2014 provides a summary of forecasts of Singapore's key economic indicators by economists and analysts.

 

MAS

Japan's Cabinet Seeks Changes to Its Peace Constitution - Issues New "Interpretation" of Article Nine, July 2014. Andrew L. Oros, Adjunct Fellow at the East-West Center in Washington, explains that "Nothing has yet been changed in Japanese law, and even if new laws are passed in the fall based on this cabinet statement, the agreement within the ruling coalition places substantial barriers on Japan exercising this right in the years to come."

 

EWC

US Should Help Vietnam Counter China's Coercion, June 2014. Patrick M. Cronin, Senior Director of the Asia-Pacific Security Program at the Center for a New American Security, explains that "China's tailored coercion is aimed not just at its neighbors but also at the United States."

 

EWC

TPP: An Agreement to Bridge the United States with ASEAN and Asia, June 2014. Sanchita Basu Das, Lead Researcher for Economic Affairs at the ASEAN Studies Center, ISEAS, Singapore, explains that "Without a TPP agreement, it is highly unlikely that US trade accords with major partners in Asia can be successfully concluded and enacted upon anytime soon."

 

EWC

China's New Calculations in the South China Sea, June 2014. Yun Sun, Fellow with the East Asia Program at the Stimson Center, explains that "Official statements and legal studies analysis from within China also reflect a recalibrated determination to uphold the country's controversial nine-dashed line in the South China Sea."

 

EWC

Virginia Review of Asian Studies 2014  

VRAS

Oil Security Issues in Asia and the Pacific, July 2014. By 2010, demand for oil in developing Asia substantially exceeded that of North America and Europe combined, but demand for natural gas has been expanding rapidly and countries with large coal resources have used them instead of oil wherever possible. The goal of oil security is to make domestic economies and the international market adaptable to changes in availability and price...

 

ADB

Pacific Economic Monitor, July 2014. This issue of the Pacific Economic Monitor updates the 2014 and 2015 GDP growth and inflation projections for ADB's Pacific developing member countries, from those presented earlier in Asian Development Outlook 2014. The policy briefs in this issue explore the Pacific region’s job creation challenges; highlighting important characteristics of labor markets across the diverse economies of the region and discussing policy options for expanding job creation...

 

ADB

Asia Bond Monitor, June 2014. Emerging East Asian local currency (LCY) bond markets have regained their bounce as bond yields have fallen for most markets in recent months, shrugging off the impact of the tapering of asset purchases by the United States Federal Reserve. As economic conditions in the US point to a recovery, tapering is expected to proceed as planned. This may result in tighter liquidity conditions for the region’s bond markets in the coming months...

 

ADB

Environmental Issues, Climate Changes, and Energy Security in Developing Asia, June 2014. Four environmental dimensions of energy security—climate change, air pollution, water availability and quality, and land-use change—and the environmental impact of 13 energy systems on each are discussed in this paper. Climate change threatens more land, people, and economies in Asia and small Pacific island states than any other part of the planet...

 

ADB

Asia's Energy Adequacy, Environmental Sustainability, and Affordability: An Overview, June 2014. The three pillars of Asian energy security are an adequate, reliable supply; environmental sustainability; and affordable access for all. As Asians become more affluent, managing demand by tackling outmoded subsidies so prices reflect true costs, exploring green innovations in technology and prudent infrastructure design, and changing behavior will be crucial to achieving security as will expanding both renewable and nonrenewable sources in an environmentally sound and cost-effective manner...

 

ADB

District Governance and Student Learning in Indonesia, June 2014. This paper documents the effects of district education policies on student learning in Indonesian primary schools and finds substantial heterogeneity in learning gains across districts. However, policy variables like school budgets, participation rates in teacher working groups, or student-teacher ratios, can explain only a fraction of the differences in learning across districts. Schools with more active teacher working groups and higher-qualified teachers achieve better learning gains...

 

ADB

Economic and Political Transitions from Premodern to Modern States in the Meiji Restoration and Xinhai Revolution: A Strategic Approach, June 2014. Economists often identify a reduction in the share of agricultural employment as a quantitative indication of the economic growth of nations. But this process did not occur in earnest in the People's Republic of China until the 1980s and to some extent in Japan until well into the mid-20th century. Were extractive political regimes, commonly regarded as the primary drivers of economic performance, solely responsible for the lateness of these developments? This paper deals with this question from a strategic perspective by examining the interactions between the polity and the economy in both countries...

 

ADB

The Role of Sri Lanka in Enhancing Connectivity between South Asia and Southeast Asia, June 2014. Improving physical connectivity between South and Southeast Asia has long been recognized as a key element in promoting greater trade and investment linkages within the region. As an island economy, Sri Lanka's regional connectivity has been mainly through its main sea port in Colombo, a transshipment hub port for South Asia...

 

ADB

Hong Kong: High Frequency Macroeconomic Forecasts Current Quarter Model: 2014Q3, July 2014. Real GDP in 14Q2 is estimated to grow by 2.9% when compared with the same period last year. This is a downward revision from the previous forecast release of 3.7%. This substantial revision mainly reflects the weak external demand caused by the cold winter in the North America. In 14Q3, real GDP growth is forecast to be 3.4% when compared with the same period last year...

 

HKU

The Responsibility of Intellectuals Redux: Humanitarian Intervention and the Liberal Embrace of War in the Age of Clinton, Bush and Obama, June 2014. In a New York Times op-ed following the public’s rejection of president Barack Obama’s call for air strikes on Syria, Michael Ignatieff, a professor at the Harvard Kennedy School and former leader of the Canadian liberal party, sought to reaffirm the doctrine of humanitarian intervention, stating that while the public had become weary over the failure of wars in Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya...

 

APJ

Japan's Rollout of Smart Cities: What Role for the Citizens? June 2014. On May 27 Ernst & Young Institute Japan (EY) released a Japanese-language study, summarizing Japan’s over 200 smart city projects. EY’s work is especially well timed. Among other recent developments, June 2 saw Apple join a long list of firms including Toyota Home by entering the “smart home” market. The global background includes thousands of smart-city projects, collectively worth at least USD 650 billion in 2014. At over USD 40 billion, Korea’s Songdo smart city project is the costliest private-sector real-estate development ever undertaken...

 

APJ

After 3.11: Imposing Nuclear Energy on a Skeptical Japanese Public, June 2014. In April 2014 Prime Minister Abe unveiled Japan’s new national energy strategy, reinstating nuclear energy as a key source of energy even as the shambolic cleanup and decommissioning at the Fukushima Daiichi lurches from one blunder to the next malfunction, and radiation contaminated groundwater flows into the ocean. This is a major milestone in the comeback of nuclear energy despite a seemingly endless cascade of damning revelations about lax safety practices and perfunctory oversight since the three reactor meltdowns in March 2011...

 

APJ

Taiwan and the Ryukyus (Okinawa) in Asia-Pacific Multilateral Relations – a Long-term Historical Perspective on Territorial Claims and Conflicts, May 2014. This article summarizes relevant historical developments involving Taiwan and Okinawa in Asia-Pacific multilateral relations over the longue durée, and suggests future prospects...

 

APJ

Trial Support Groups Lobby for Japanese Prisoner Rights, Fight to Rectify Injustices, May 2014. Almost every one or two weeks a large envelope arrives in my mailbox. Opening it up invariably reveals a flier, newsletter or newspaper, often accompanied by a handwritten note with a tailored message. At the risk of sounding facetious, only my mobile phone provider is as punctual and frequent. But the deliveries are not from any commercial service. They are from a prisoner support group...

 

APJ

Changing Modes of Political Dialogue Across the Middle East and East Asia, 1880-2010, May 2014. East Asia’s relationship with the Middle East today is based mainly on economics and is devoid of grand political projects of solidarity and intellectual dialogue. Countries such as China, Japan and Korea present the Middle East with a model of state-led capitalist neoliberal economic development. At the same time, the redemptive transformation of East Asia into a globally powerful region offers a trajectory of development diverging from the Middle East, struggling with political turbulence, regime crises and regional wars both cold and hot...

 

APJ

Mobilizing Nuclear Bias: The Fukushima Nuclear Crisis and the Politics of Uncertainty (Updated and Revised May 18, 2014), May 2014. The nuclear disaster in Fukushima which followed in the wake of the 3/11 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami has given rise to one of the most significant public health crises in modern world history, with profound implications for how nuclear energy is perceived. This paper analyzes the most dire phase of the Fukushima nuclear crisis, showing how the level of risk was assessed by nuclear experts and state-level actors who worked largely out of view of public scrutiny. In addition to examining how the accident progression in the reactors was addressed and conveyed to the general public,..

 

APJ

Doom and Gloom or Economic Boom? The Myth of the "North Korean Collapse", May 2014. The DPRK is said to be an economist's nightmare. There are almost no reliable statistics available, making any analysis speculative at best. The few useable figures that we have, though, fly in the face of the media's curious insistence on a looming collapse. Food production and trade volumes indicate that the DPRK has largely recovered from the economic catastrophe of the 1990s...

 

APJ

Yellow Blood: Hepatitis C and the Modernist Settlement in Japan, May 2014. Japan has one of the highest rates of hepatitis C virus infection in the industrialized world. This endemic and the challenges it poses for the future of Japan’s healthcare system stem, ironically, from the formation of a modernist settlement beginning in the late 19th century. Modern techno-scientific solutions to political problems inadvertently provided millions of opportunities for hepatitis C to spread in rural communities, among leprosy communities, the traumatized postwar community and into the national blood supply...

 

APJ

Could a US-Japan "Green Alliance" Transform the Climate-Energy Equation? May 2014. US President Barack Obama’s April 23-25 visit to Japan unfortunately went pretty much as expected. Obama asked for concessions on a Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) free trade agreement, and received a souvenir “key milestone” whose content and location remain a mystery. Abe asked for exports of fracked gas, kind words about nuclear power, and promises on the Senkaku-Diaoyu Island dispute, and – for what they are worth - got commitments on paper...

 

APJ

Social Factors Affecting Women's Susceptibility to HIV in India, June 2014. India is the global epicentre of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia. Previous research indicates that the majority of HIV-positive women in India were infected by their husbands, their only sexual partner, which makes them difficult to identify as a high-risk population. This paper assesses social factors associated with the transmission of HIV based on demographic determinants, such as age; sexual risk behavior; and gendered discrimination, such as domestic violence...

 

ADB

Review and Assessment of Programs Offered by State Universities and Colleges, May 2014. The importance of tertiary education in promoting human development and improving the economy`s competitiveness has already been realized. However, state universities and colleges (SUCs) have always faced issues such as the quality of education, management and financial systems, and access, despite considerable funding support provided by the government...

 

PIDS

Study of Government Interventions for Employment Generation in the Private Sector, May 2014. Economic growth in the Philippines has not been accompanied by significant improvements in employment. Government thus implemented Active Labor Market Programs or ALMPs as one of the strategies to improve the chances of getting jobs of those in disadvantaged sectors...

 

PIDS

Quick Response Funds and DRRM Resources in the Department of National Defense and Various Departments, May 2014. The study assesses the process of quick response fund (QRF) allocation, administration, and implementation under the various executive departments with cognizance of national disaster risk reduction management (DRRM) imperatives. It further touches on the inventory of the line agencies` available assets for disaster response and rehabilitation...

 

PIDS

Purchase or Lease of All-Purpose Vehicles for Government Offices, May 2014. This article compares the costs and benefits for the government of leasing vis-a-vis outright purchase of motor vehicles. It presents two methods through which public managers can estimate and assess the value of procuring motor vehicles either under lease payment or direct purchase. Using data from selected government agencies, the net present values generated suggest that outright purchase of low-end vehicles is preferable to leasing...

 

PIDS

Rapid Appraisal of the State of Competition in the Rice Value Chain, May 2014. The rapid appraisal is based on the interview of select players in various levels of the palay/rice value chain from Pangasinan and Nueva Ecija to Metro Manila. It finds that the paddy and rice supply chain is multilayered with many competing players in each layer, and with no evidence of any cartel-like behavior in the areas studied...

 

PIDS

Comparing the 1999 and 2007 Philippine NTA Estimates and Examining the Effects of a Definitional Change of Overseas Workers` Remittances, May 2014. This paper compares the estimates of the 1999 and 2007 Philippine National Transfer Accounts (NTA) and examines the implications of using two alternative treatments or definitions of overseas Filipino workers` (OFW) remittances in the NTA...

 

PIDS

Small Farmers in High Value Chains: Binding or Relaxing Constraints to Inclusive Growth? April 2014. Linking small farmers to modern markets, whether domestically or for export, increasingly entails participation in modern supply chains coordinated by contract farming. Concerns have been raised regarding the possible disadvantages from contract farming facing small farmers. Most empirical work points to a positive correlation between participation in contract farming and net farm income...

 

PIDS

Formulating the Philippine Services Strategy for Inclusive Growth, April 2014. The paper looks at the role of services in the economy and discusses why competitive services are necessary for achieving inclusive growth. An overview of Philippine services sectors is first presented highlighting their economic contribution as well as performance. This is followed by a discussion of the country`s record in services trade particularly in exports...

 

PIDS

Implications of an EU FTA to the Philippine Labor Market, April 2014. The Philippines is currently negotiating a free trade agreement (FTA) with the European Union (EU). This paper is expected to shed light on these negotiations in terms of the possible effects of the FTA on the employment in particular. Conceptually, the effects of FTA on the labor market may come from two sources. The first is the intensification of free trade which can either be an opportunity or a threat to the workers, depending on whether the trading of goods and services are complementary or substitutable to the goods and services produced in the country...

 

PIDS

The Impact of the Cheaper Medicines Act on Households in Metro Manila: A Qualitative Study, March 2014. This research forms part of the "Health Systems Research Management in the Department of Health (DOH)", a project funded by the DOH and implemented by the Philippine Institute for Development Studies...

 

PIDS

The Sponsored Program of the Philippine National Health Insurance - Analyses of the Actual Coverage and Variations Across Regions and Provinces, March 2014. This study established the breadth of socialized Philippine health insurance, known as the PhilHealth Sponsored Program. It examined the extent of coverage relative to its target "poor" population, how much coverage rates varied across provinces and the factors likely to explain variation. PhilHealth Sponsored Program appeared to have attained universal coverage over the targeted "poor" population at the national level for the year 2011.

 

PIDS

Barriers of Early TB Diagnosis among the Poor in Highly Urbanized Areas in the Philippines, March 2014. Over the last decade, there was a significant drop in mortality and morbidity cases attributed to tuberculosis (TB). The high TB Case Detection (CDR) and Treatment Success Rates (TSR) may have underpinned the decreasing prevalence. Despite these successes, TB still appears to be a major health problem in the country. Disturbingly, the rate of decrease in the mortality and morbidity is not fast enough...

 

PIDS

The Prevalence of Philippine Prescribing, Dispensing, and Use Behavior in Relation to Generic Drugs and their Risk Factors, March 2014. This study was designed to address the issue of compliance of physicians and drugstores to the provisions of Generics Act of 1988. Furthermore, it aims to explore the awareness of consumers on generic medicines to explain current trends and practices in drug prescribing, dispensing, and use. The study utilized a cross-sectional design...

 

PIDS

Analysis of the Employed Program of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation, March 2014. The Employed Program of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth) caters to those in the formal sector. Included are those in the government and private sectors with a formal employer-employee relationship. Coverage levels for both the government and private sectors are promising with regional averages of 74 percent and 71 percent, respectively; and provincial averages of 80 percent and 75 percent, respectively...

 

PIDS

Analysis of the Individually Paying Program of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation, March 2014. The Individually Paying Program (IPP) is the voluntary component of the Philippines` social health insurance program. The program caters to those in the informal sector and those without a formal employer-employee relationship. Coverage levels for the IPP were found to be considerably low with a regional average of 57 percent and a provincial average of 53 percent...

 

PIDS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

  

 
 

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